Queen Saint Margaret Cerdic SCOTLAND
- Born: Abt 1043-1045, , Wessex, England
- Married: Abt 1062-1069, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
- Died: 16 Nov 1093, Castle, Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland
- Buried: Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
Other names for Saint were Saint, ATHELING, SCOTLAND Queen, ENGLAND Princess and "Atheling".
Ancestral File Number: 9FTX-SR. User ID: 151277959/302555657.
"Atheling", Princess of ENGLAND, Queen of SCOTLAND, SAINT Margaret Canonized
1250 Feast Day June 10.
Kings and Queens of Europe, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute 1989: "Malcolm III Ceannmor, Son of Duncan I and Sybil, King of Scotland 1058-1093, Mar =1 (?2) Ingeborg Orkney, =2 Margaret Sister of Edward Atheling Died 1093, Died 1093."
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Malcolm III Ceannore (Bighead) King of Scotland 1058- 1093, Mar =1 (?3) Ingibiorg (?Gruoch) widow of Thorfinn Earl of Orkney, =2 St Margaret Daughter of Edgar the Exile...St Margaret Daughter of Edward and Agatha Mar = (2) Malcolm III King of Scotland, Died 1093, Canonized 1250."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch I, p31:
"...Early in the summer of 1068 the army began its march upon York, advancing along a line somewhat to the west of the centre of England, as the situation would naturally demand. As in William's earlier marches, so here again he encountered no resistance. Whatever may have been the extent of the conspiracy or the plans of the leaders, the entire movement collapsed before the Norman's firm dietermination to be master of the kingdom. Edwin and Morcar had collected an army and wre in the field somewhere between Warwick and Northampton, but when the time came when the fight could no longer be postponed, they thought better of it, besought the king's favour again, and obtained at least the show of it...
"The present expedition went no further north, but its influence extended further. Ethelwin, the Bishop of Durham, came in and made his submission. He bore inquires also from Malcolm, the king of Scots, whohad been listening to the appeals for aid from the enemies of William, and preparing himself to advance to their assistance. The Bishop of Durham was sent back to let him know what assurances would be acceptable to William, and he undoubtedlyalso informed him of the actual state of affairs south of his borders, of the progress which the invader had made, and of the hopelessness of resistance. The Normans at any rate believed that as a result of the bishop's mission Malcolm was galdto send down an embassy of his own which tendered to William an oath of obedience. It is not likely that William attached much weight to any profession of the Scottish king's. Already, probably as soon as the failure of this northern undertaking was apparent, some of the most prominent of the English, who seem to have taken part in it, had abandoned England and gone to the Scottish court. It is very possible that Edgar and his two sisters, Margaret and Christina, sought the protection of Malcolm at this time...These men had earlier submitted to William...and had been received with favour. Under what circumstances they turned against him we do not know, but they had very likely attracted by the promise of strength in thiseffort at resistance, and were now less inclined than the unstable Edwin to profess so early a repentance. Margaret, whether she went to Scotland at this time or a little later, found there a permanent home, consenting against her will to become the bride of Malcolm instead of the bride of the Church as she had wished. As queen she gained, through teaching her wild subjects, bu the example of gentle manners and noble life, a wider mission than the convent could have furnished her. The conditions which Malcolm accepted evidently contained no demand as to any English fugitives, nor any other to which he could seriously object. William was usually able to discern the times, and did not attempt the impracticable."
p90:  "...On his return to Scotland he immediately took arms, and again invaded Northumberland. This, however, was destined to be the last of his incursions, for he was killed, together with his eldest son, Edward, near Alnwick, on the easterncoast. The news of the death of her husband and son at once proved fatal to Queen Margaret..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Cos- tain, 1964, Doubleday & Co, p152:
"On June 18 of that year a healthy male child was born at Westminster...As soon as a loud clangor of bells conveyed the intelligence that the child was a boy, the city was illuminated and the streets filled with excited people. Already the descent of the royal infanthad been traced back from Matilda, the Saxon wife of Henry I; to Margaret, her mother, who had been Queen of Scotland; to Edward the Exile, Edmund Ironsides, Ethelred, Edgar, Edward, Alfred. There it was to con, to talk over, the proof of descent from Alfred the Great, Alfred of glorious memory! For the first time in many years Henry [III] had succeeded in making his people happy. For days later the child was baptized and given the name of Edward, which again delighted the people because it was so completely English..."
p177: "They found that great pile of masonry which frowns down on the Scottish capital and which is sometimes called the Castle of Damsels to be as Margaret had said in her letters, `a sad and solitaryplace.' She existed in a few cheerless rooms with a small group of stern and disapproving servants...All she could see from her chamber window in the tower was a patch of sky above the castle walls and, across the enclosure, the little chapelcalled St. Margaret's after that fine queen who had been the mother of Good Queen Mold, Henry I's Saxon bride..."
The Oxford Book of Royal Anecdotes, Elizabeth Longford, 1991, Oxford Univ Press, pxviii: "Saxons and Danes Genealogy: Margaret, mar Malcolm III King of Scots, died 1093."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Christianity, Ch XXV, The Recovery of Europe, Sec IX, Scotland, p683: "[Malcolm III]'s Queen Margaret was an Anglo-Saxon princess who converted the Scottish court to the English language, brought in English-speaking clergy, and reared her sons in English ways..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol VI, p613, Margaret of Scotland, Saint: "BornAbt 1045 prob Hungary, Died 16 Nov 1093 Edinburgh, Queen consort of Malcolm III Canmore and patroness of Scotland. She was brought up at the Hungarian court, where her father, Edward, was in exile. After the Battle of Hastings, Edward's widow and children fled for safety to Scotland.
In spite of her leanings toward a religious life, Margaret married (Abt 1070) Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (ruled 1057/1058-1093). She promoted, in conformity with the Gregorian reform, theinterests of the church and of the English population conquered by the Scots in the previous century. She died shortly after her husband was slain near Alnwick, Northumberland. For her great benefactions to the church, Margaret was canonized by Pope Innocent IV in 1250. Some early calendars have her feast day as 16 Nov (when it is still observed in Scotland), others as 19 June; but it was fixed eventually as 10 June."
Macropaedia, Vol VI, p305, Edinburgh: "Malcolm's Saxon queen, St. Margaret, erected a small, square chapel in the castle grounds at the highest point of the rock. Rebuilt a century later, the simple building is the oldest to survive in the city."
Margaret, The Saint (St. Margaret of Scotland), sole heiress of the Saxon royal line, married Malcolm III. Canmore, King of Scotland, descended from a long line of Scottish royalty. Margaret died in Edinburgh Castle of grief at the death of her husband, November 16, 1093, and was buried at Dumfermline. In 1250 Margaret was declared a saint and on June 19, 1259 her body was taken from the original stone coffin and placed in a shrine of pinewood set with gold and precious stones near the high altar. In Scotland the grace cup is called St. Margaret's blessing. When Scotland became Protestant the remains of St. Margaret and her husband, Malcolm III., were carried to Spain and placed in the Escorial, built in her honor by King Philip II, of Spain. ("The Genealogy of Homer Beers James", V1, JANDA Consultants, © 1993 Homer James) Canonised 1250 and her feast day is 16th November. In 1057 she arrived at the English court of Edward the Confessor. Ten years later she was in exile after William defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings. She fled to Scotland where she was married against her wishes to King Malcolm to whom she bore six sons and two daughters. Her unlerned and boorish husband grew daily more graceful and Christian under the queen's graceful influence. Her remains were removed to Escorial Spain and her head Douai, France. [Internet source: http://www.rootsweb.com/~gumby/cgi-bin/igmget.cgi/n=Winch?I05539]
World Ancestral Chart No. 10002 Patricia (Downey) Adams Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760: Margaret ATHELING Born 1045 Hungary.
World Ancestral Chart No.31759 Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760:
Margaret was a devout Saxon woman whose works for the church led to her canonization as Scotland's only royal saint.
She brought an Anglo/Norman influence and new religious ideas to the Scottish court, using example and inspiration to help bring the Celtic church in line with Roman Church thinking. Margaret reinstated monks at Iona, built a church and Benedictine priory at Dunfermline, and laid the foundation of a distinct, recognizable Church of Scotland that was strengthened by her sons after her death in 1093.
Her private chapel still stands within the grounds of Edinburgh castle.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 9FTX-SR Mar Malcolm III ?1007/1009.
Saint married King Malcolm Canmore SCOTLAND, III, son of King Duncan MacCrinan SCOTLAND, I and Queen Sibyl Fitz Siward Northumberland SCOTLAND, about 1062-1069 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland. (King Malcolm Canmore SCOTLAND, III was born about 1031-1033 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland, died on 13 Nov 1093 in Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England and was buried in Church, Holy Trinity, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland.) The cause of his death was killed At War.