King David Huntingdon SCOTLAND, I
- Born: Abt 1080-1084, , , Scotland
- Married: 1113-1114, , , Scotland
- Died: 24 May 1152-1153, Carlisle, Cumberland, England
- Buried: Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
Other names for David were HUNTINGDON Earl, CUMBRIA Earl, "The Saint", MACMALCOLM, CADMORE and SCOTLAND King.
Ancestral File Number: 8HRW-6F. User ID: 151277828.
"The Saint", MacMalcolm, Earl of CUMBRIA 1107-1124, Earl of HUNTINGDON, King of SCOTLAND Reigned 1124-1153.
Robert the Bruce King of Scots, Ronald McNair Scott, Carroll & Graf Publishers Inc, New York, 1982.
p3: "For over two hundred years, since Birnam Wood came to Dunsinane and the forces of Malcolm III had defeated and slain Macbeth, the House of Canmore had been the rulers of Scotland. During the reigns of eight succeeding kings of that blood, by conquest or by treaty, the realm had been enlarged so that when Alexander wed Yolande she became the queen of a kingdom which differed little in extent from the Scotland of the present day..."
p6: "The (feudal) system originated among the Franks. It was perfected in England under William the Conqueror and his sons and was introduced into the Cletic kingdom of Scotland by David I on his assuming the thone in 1124.
"David had been brought up in the English court where his sister was married to Henry I of England. He had been greatly favoured by his royal brother-in-law. In Scotland, with English support, he had established himself in Lothian and Strathclyde as a virtually independent ruler within the kingdom of his brother, Alexander I.
"In England, by marriage and kingly sanction, he had acquired the huge 'Honour of Huntingdon' with broad lands spreading across the counties of Huntingdon and Northamptonshire. There, among his tenants-in-chief, were a clutch of Anglo-Norman deriving from the same region on the bord4ers of Normandy and Brittany, the Morevilles, the Soulises, the PitzAlans, the Bruces. When David I took over the governance of an unruly kingdom, it was to these he loked to set up military fiefs in sensitive areas each with its castle and Norman lord...
p10: "In 1124, Robert Lord of Cleveland's possessions were notably increased. In that year King David I, who was his feudal overlord in England, succeeded to the Scottish throne and one of his first acts was to grant to his most important tenant-in-chief the lordship of Annandale and 200,000 acres..."
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p92: "411E David I `The Saint', (Parents not known, F of 421); married Matilda."
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Maud, Daughter of Judith and Waltheof Earl of Huntingdon, Mar =1 Simon De StLiz Earl of Huntingdon, =2 David I King of Scotland, Died 1131...David I The Saint Earl of Huntingdon King of England Reigned 1124-1153, Mar (2) Maud Daughter of Waltheof Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton, Died 1153."
The Political History ofEngland, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch X, p219:
 "...About the end of July, King David of Scotland, very likely as a part of the general plan of attack on Stephen, had crossed the borders into England,for the third time this year, with a large army gathered from all his dominions and even from beyond..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol VI, p529, Malcolm III Canmore: "...Of Malcolm's six sons by Margaret, three succeeded tothe throne: Edgar (ruled 1097-1107), Alexander I (1107-1124), and David I (1124-1153)."
Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988, Studio Editions, Scotland 1124: "David I, King of Scotland 1124-1153, Brother of Alexander I..."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Christianity, Ch XXV, The Recovery of Europe, Sec IX, Scotland, p683: "Queen Margaret was an Anglo-Saxon princess who reared her sons in English ways. The last and strongest of them, David I (1124-1153), made the Church his chosen instrument of rule, founded English-speaking monasteries at Kelso, Dryburgh, Melrose, and Holyrood, levied tithes (for the first time in Scotland) for the support of the Church, and gave so lavishly to bishops and abbots that people mistook him for a saint. Under David I Scotland, in all but its highlands, became an English state."
"But it was not the less independent. The English immigrants were trans- formed intopatriotic Scots; from their number came the Stuarts and the Bruces. David I invaded and captured Northumberland; Malcolm IV (1153-65) lost it; William the Lion (1165-1214), trying to regain it, was taken prisoner by Henry II, and was freed onlyon pledging homage to the king of England for the Scot- ish crown (1174). Fifteen years later he bought release from this pledge by helping to finance Richard I in the Third Crusade, but the English kings con- tinued to claim feudal suzeraintyover Scotland.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol III, p397, David I: "Born Abt 1082, Died 24 May 1153 Carlisle Cumberland, one of the most powerful Scottish Kings (reigned from 1124), admitted into Scotland and Anglo-French (Norman) aristocracy that played a major part in the later history of the kingdom and introduced, chiefly into the south of Scotland, the Anglo-Norman feudal system..."
"The youngest of the six sons of the Scottish King Malcolm III Canmore and Queen Margaret (afterward St Margaret), he spent much of his early life at the court of King Henry I of England (ruled 1100-1135), his brother-in-law by virtue of marriage to his sister Edith of Scotland (who took the name of Matilda). Through David's marriage (1113) to a daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria, he acquired the English earldom of Huntingdon and obtained much land in that county and in Northamptonshire. With Ango-Norman help, David secured from his brother Alexander I, King of Scots from 1107, the right to rule Cumbria, Strathclyde, and part of Lothian, In April 1124, on the death of Alexander, David became king of Scots..."
"David created a rudimentary central administration, issued the first Scottish royal coinage, and built the castles around which grew the first Scottish burghs: Edinburgh, Stirling, Berwick, Roxburgh, and perhaps Perth. As ruler of Cumbria he had taken Anglo-Normans into his service, and during his kingship many others settled in Scotland, founding important families and intermarrying with the older Scottish aristocracy. Bruce, Stewart, Comyn, and Oliphant are among the noted names whose bearers went from northern France to England during the Norman Conquest in 1066 and then to Scotland in the reign of David I."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p724, David I: "Born 1084, Died 1153, King of Scotland (1124-1153), youngest son of Malcolm III and St Margaret of Scotland. During the reign of hisbrother Alexander I, whom he succeeded, David was Earl of Cumbria, ruling S of the Clyde and Forth Rivers. By his marriage to the heiress of the Earl of Northumbria he also became Earl of Huntingdon and acquired a claim to Northumbria. In thelong struggle for the English crown between Matilda (his niece) and Stephen, David fought for Matilda, but his main object was to secure Northumbria for himself. Although he was defeated by Stephen in the Battle of the Standard (1138), Stephenconceded him the Earldom. David's internal rule was wise and momentous for Scotland. He made land grants to many Anglo-Norman families, thus providing the kingdom with a new feudal aristocracy. He also encouraged the commercial development of the Scottish burghs and strengthened the church by new foundations and endowments. He was succeeded by his grandson, Malcolm IV."
David I. (St. David), King of Scotland from 1124 until his death May 24, 1153, was hallowed by the people but never canonized. David was a wise and just king, born probably about 1085, ascended April 25, 1124. He shared his mother's wisdom and love of civilization. He continued to found Augustinian monasteries, to strength Roman Christianity, and he much favored the Cistercians. He founded burghs of independent townsmen; and bishoprics; established the office of chancellor to issue official documents bearing the royal seal, and he made Norman feudal law apply to Scotland. His education and his favorites were English; but politically he aimed not merely at independence of the English king, but at control of the Northern shires of England. He gained control of Cumberland and Northumberland and the tyrannous William Comyn, Bishop of Durham. He became Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton and acquired a dangerous claim to Northumberland by his marriage. In 1113 he married Matilda, daughter of Waltheof, Count of Northampton and Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland, and Judith, his wife, a niece of William the Conqueror. When Stephen usurped the English crown, David had a good excuse for repeated invasions on the pretext of supporting his niece, Matilda the Empress. The Archbishop of York, old Thurstan, rallied the countryside and won a victory at Northallerton over David's undisciplined hordes (1138). It was called the Battle of the Standard because the English erected in a frame the mast of a ship on which they hung the banners of St. Peter the Apostle, St. John of Beverley and St. Wilfrid of Ripon (1138). David accompanied Matilda on her flight to Winchester (1140) and it was from him his great-nephew, the future Henry II., received knighthood at the age of sixteen. ("The Genealogy of Homer Beers James", V1, JANDA Consultants, © 1993 Homer James) Youngest son of Malcolm III and Queen Margaret, his upbringing in England (from 1093) made him Anglophole. He married (1114) Maud, the earl of Huntingdon's heir, from whom he acquired English estates; and his sister married Henry I. As a youth he styled himself "brother of the queen of the English" and an English writer thought him "polished from his boyhood by his intercourse and friendship with us". English and southern Scots saw this generous, pious, and chaste man as a paragon of kingship. The "laws of King David" acquired a status like the Confessor's of England. Church and State were powerfully influenced by his Anglo-Norman sympathies; he patronized the Scottish Church and founded new monasteries; he reorganized the Scottish polity along feudal lines, establishing castles, burghs, and sheriffdoms, and encouraging Anglo-French immigration. A southerner by temperament, he countered resistance in Moray and the north (1130s). A supporter of his kinswoman Matilda against King Stephan, he occupied (from 1141) northern England (and he died at Carlisle), despite and early defeat at the battle of the Standard (1138). His surviving son Henry, named after Heny I, was deisgnated his successor (1144); when Henry died in 1152, David's grandson, Malcolm was designated and succeeded peacefully. ("The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy", Cannon, John and Ralph Griffiths, Oxford Univ Press: 1988, p 144)
World Ancestral Chart No. 10002 Patricia (Downey) Adams
Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760.
World Ancestral Chart No.31759 Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760:
David I, King of Scots, was brought up in the English court of Henry I. His 29 year reign was greatly influenced by the Anglo/Norman model of feudalism which he had seen at work there.
David used compromise instead of conquest and used the church system instead of armies to build bonds between king and subject. He established many religious houses - Augustinian, Benedictine and Cistercian - including Holyrood, Stirling and Melrose. His promotion of the parish system, and the creation of Royal Burghs and Sheriffdom's helped ensure the loyalty of established Scots families and Norman incomes alike.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 David MACMALCOLM I, 8HRW-6F Born 1080 Mar 1113/1114 Died 1152, 8XJB-C4 David I "The Saint" King of SCOTLAND Mar 1113/1114 Scotland.
David married Queen Matilda Huntingdon SCOTLAND, daughter of Earl Waltheof Northumbria HUNTINGDON, II and Countess Judith Bologne HUNTINGDON, in 1113-1114 in , , Scotland. (Queen Matilda Huntingdon SCOTLAND was born about 1072 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England, died on 23 Apr 1130-1131 in , , Scotland and was buried in 1130-1131 in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.)