Earl Humphrey De Bohun HEREFORD, V
- Born: Abt 1202, Hungerford, Essex, England
- Christened: Abt 1208, Hereford, Herefordshire, England
- Married: 1227-1228, Pleshey, Essex, England
- Died: 1275, Hereford, Herefordshire, England
Other names for Humphrey were HEREFORD 2nd Earl and ESSEX 1st Earl.
Ancestral File Number: 91QQ-QG. User ID: 9454864.
1st Earl of ESSEX, 2nd Earl of HEREFORD.
A History of The Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, ThomasB Costain, 1951, Doubleday & Co
p123: "There was still one son left, Anselm. One month after Walter's demise, before anything had been done about his investiture as head of the family, he also died and was buried beside Walter at Tintern.He had been married to Maud, a daughter of the Earl of Hereford. It is perhaps superfluous to state that they had no children."
p271: "It may be assumed that Simon agreed to arbitration because the situation was out of hand and he was notanxious to seek the solution in an immediate appeal to arms. There can be no doubt, however, that he believed the arbitration would be limited to a definition of method and not of principle. Before the brief meeting of Parliament had been broken up by Edward's supporters the King had again asserted his intention of abiding by the Provisions. His affirmation seemed to remove the possibility that the French King's inquiry would have any bearing on the validity of what had been done at Oxford. Whatever was in Simon's mind, however, the fact remains that he signed his name to the invitation, agreeing to abide by the decision. Among those who signed with him were the bishops of Worcester and London, the chief justiciar, and Humphrey de Bohun..."
The Political History of England 1216-1377, Vol III, T F Tout, AMS Press, 1905, p99: "...An opposition party formed itself under the Earls of Gloucester, Leicester, Hereford, and Norfolk...In parliament all that Henry[III] could get was a promise to adjourn the question of supply until a commission had drafted a programme of reform. On May 2 Henry and his son Edward announced their acceptance of this proposal; parliament was forthwith prorogued, and the barons set to work to mature their scheme.
"...On June 11  the magnates once more assembled, this time at Oxford. A summons to fight the Welsh gave them an excuse to appear attended with their followers in arms. The royalist partisansnicknamed the gathering the Mad Parliament, but its proceedings were singularly business-like. A petition tion of twenty-nine articles was presented, in which the abuses of the [Henry III] administration were laid bare in detail. A commission of twenty-four was appointed who were to redress the grievances of the nation, and to draw up a new scheme of government. According to the compact Henry himself selected half this body. It was significant of the falling away of the mass of the ruling families from the monarchy, that six of Henry's twelve commissioners were churchmen, four were aliens, three were his brothers, one his brother-in-law, one his nephew, one his wife's uncle...
"...In strong contrast to these creaturesof court favour were the twelve nominees of the barons. The only ecclesiastic was Walter of Cantilupe, Bishop of Worcester, and the only alien was Earl Simon of Leicester. With him were three other earls Richard of Clare, Earl of Gloucester, Roger Bigod, earl marshal and Earl of Norfolk, and Humphrey Bohun, Earl of Hereford. Those of Baronal rank were Roger Mortimer, the stronest of the marchers, Hugh Bigod, the brother of the earl marshal, John FitzGeoffrey, Richard Grey, William Bardolf, Peter Montfort, and Hugh Despenser.
"...The twenty-four drew up a plan of reform which left little to be desired in thoroughness. The Provisions of Oxford, as the new constitution was styled, were speedily laid before the barons and adopted...For the first time in our history the king was forced to stand aside from the discharge of his undoubted functions, and suffer them to be exercised by a committee of magnates. The conception of limited monarchy, which had been foreshadowed in the early struggles of Henry's long reign, was triumphantly vindicated, and, after weary years of waiting, the baronial victors demanded more than had ever been suggested by the most free interpretation of the Great Charter..." p103: "... Immediately on the flight of the Lusignans the council of Fifteen was chosen afer a fashion which seemed to give the king's friends an equal voice with the champions of the aristocracy. Four electors appointed it, and of thesetwo were the nominees of the baronial section, and two of the royalist section of the original twenty-four. The result of their work showed that there was only one party left after the Wolvesey fiasco. While only three of the king's twelve hadplaces on the permanent counceil, no less than nine of the fifteen were chosen from the baronial twelve. It was useless for Archbishop Boniface, John Mansel, and the Earl of Warwick to stand up against the Bishop of Worcester, the Earls of Leicester, Norfolk, Hereford, and Gloucester, against John FitzGeoffrey, Peter Montfort, Richard Grey, and Roger Mortimer..."
p110: "...At the same time the renewed dissensions of Leicester and Gloucester paralyzed the baronage...The death of Richard of Gloucester during 1262 increased Montfort's power. His son, the young Earl Gilbert, was Simon's devoted disciple, but he was still a minor and the custody of his lands was handed over to the Earl of Hereford..."
p115: "...The poverty of Montfort's host in historic families attested the complete disintegration of the party since 1263. Its strength lay in the young enthusiasts, who were still dominated by the strong personality and generous ideals of Leicester, such as theEarl of Gloucester, or Humphrey Bohun of Brecon, whose father, the Earl of Hereford, was fighting on the king's side..."
p156: "...In the south [of Wales], Humphrey Bohun, grandson of the old Earl of Hereford and earl himself in 1275 by his grandfather's death, was engaged in private war with Llewelyn. In direct defiance of the terms of 1267, Humphrey strove to maintain himself in the march of Brecon, which had been definitely ceded to Llewelyn. It was to the credit of the regents that they refused to countenance this glaring violation of the treaty..."
The Later Middle Ages 1272-1485, George Holmes, 1962, Norton Library of England
p89: "...At the beginning of [Edward I's] reign in 1272, the east and south of what is now Wales were held by English Marcher lords like the Clare earls of Gloucester, who held the lordship of Glamorgan; and the Bohun earls of Hereford, who held Brecon..."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p323, Bohun Humphrey V De 2ndEarl of Hereford 1st Earl of Essex: "Died 1275, English nobleman, son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford. A member of the household of Henry III, he inherited the Earldom of Essex from a maternal uncle and in 1242 went with the king on hisFrench campaign. In 1258 he joined the baronial opposition to Henry and was one of 24 men who drew up the Provisions of Oxford. In the Baron's War, however, he returned (1263) to the side of the king and was captured by Simon de Montfort at Lewes."
http://www.my-ged.com/db/page/draper/09463 Born 1208 Hereford England, Died 1275 Hereford England.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 91QQ-QG 2nd Earl BOHUN, 8XJQ-T6 Born Bef 1208 Mar ?Wales/?England, IGI Marriage 1227 Maud D'EU or D'LUSIGNAN.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Marriage 7221330-38-820474 Humphrey DE BOHUN Spouse Maud D'EU or D'LUSIGNAN 1227 Essex England.
Humphrey married Maud De LUSIGNAN, daughter of Raoul De LUSIGNAN and Alice, in 1227-1228 in Pleshey, Essex, England. (Maud De LUSIGNAN was born about 1204-1208 in , , England.)