Ensign Rutherford HAYES, Sr
Rutherford HAYES, Jr
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President Rutherford Birchard Hayes UNITED STATES, III


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President Rutherford Birchard Hayes UNITED STATES, III

  • Born: 6 Oct 1822, Delaware, Delaware, Ohio, USA
  • Died: 17 Jan 1893, Fremont, Sandusky, Ohio, USA
  • Buried: Hayes Estate, Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Sandusky, Ohio, USA

   Another name for Rutherford was UNITED STATES President.

   General Notes:

Lieutenant Colonel Ohio 23rd Regiment Civil War, Congressman 1865-1867, Ohio
Governor 1868-1876, 19th President of THE UNITED STATES 1877-1881.

5th Cousin of Private Henry K BARBER.

http://www.findagrave.com/claimtofame/3.html;Hayes, Rutherford b. October 4, 1822. d. January 17, 1893.
19th US President. Hayes was elected president in 1877 after having served as governor of Ohio.
Rutherford Hayes Home (Spiegel Grove), Fremont, Ohio, USA.
GPS coordinates: 41.34, -83.1303 (hddd.dddd).

The Holcomb(e) Genealogy History and Directory, Jesse Seaver, Philadelphia PA, American Historical-Genealogical Society, 1925, vii 286p 27.5cm, CS71.H725 1925 and 1925a, p41:
"i Rutherford: b. 1756; m. Chloe (dau. Col. Esrael and
Abigail (Chandler) Smith of Wethersfield CT.)
(1) Rutherford: b. 1787, Battleboro VT; m. Sophia (dau. of Roger and Drusilla (Austin) Brichard, of
Delaware OH; merchant.
1822, Delaware OH; d. 17 Jan1893, Fremont OH;
buried at Private burial ground, Fremont; lawyer;
grad. Kenyon College, 1842; m. 1852 Lucy Ware
Webb (b. 1831; d. 1889); President of the United
States, 1877-1881; Republican; Methodist. They
had 7 sons and 1 daughter..."

Before Antietam, The Battle for South Mountain, John Michael Priest, White Mane Publishing Company, 1992, Shippensburg PA, p82:
"A disconcerting animosity existed between the eastern and the western regiments of the IX Corps. Brigiadier General Jacob Cox had to earn the respect of the elitist eastern officers. They considered his Ohioans as little more than undisciplined militia. At Ridgeville, the general sent out the 6th New York Cavalry to picket the front and ordered his infantry to bivouac in line of battle rather than `en masse' as expected by the corps commander, Jesse Reno.
"Around dusk, Reno galloped into the 23rd Ohio as it prepared to bed down. He found the men helping themselves to a local farmer's straw. Lieutenant Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes (23rd Ohio) and the brigade commander, Colonel Eliakim Scammon, stood by watching the men rob the farmer.
"Outraged, Reno lashed into the Ohioans. `You damned black sons of bitches!' he spat. Who was their colonel, he demanded.
"Rutherford Hayes boldly stepped forward and said he had the honor of commanding them. Reno demanded an explanation for the men not bivouacking en masse and for the looting.
"The colonel told the general to see General Cox if he wanted the troops' formation explained. He also suggested the general contact the quartermaster to settle the matter with the straw's owner, provided he were loyal.
"Reno calmed down and again asked Hayes to identify himself, which he did. Hayes deliberately requested the general to do the same. Not wanting to be `shown up' by an upstart westerner, Reno reminded Hayes they were in a loyal state and were forbidden to loot.
"Rutherford Hayes, having little respect for Reno's Regular Army attitude, snorted, `Well, I trust our generals will exhibit the same energy in dealing with our foes that they do in the treatment of their friends.'
"What did the colonel mean by that remark? the general demanded.
"Nothing, the colonel retorted.
"The corps commander galloped away with the Ohioans' cheers for their colonel echoing off his back...
Jacob Cox pp268-270; T Harry Williams, `Hayes of the Twenty-Third The
Civil War Volunteer Officer', Alfred A Knopf NY 1965 p134.
`I considered Cox's date rather than the one stated by Williams as
the more accurate one. I did not delete Reno's explicit language
because it is what he said. His reference to `black' referes to
the Old English word for evil.'"

p137: (14 Sep 1862) "...Colonel Scammon and James Abraham's Company of West Virginia Cavalry ferreted out Colonel Hayes (23rd Ohio) His troops were halted on the brigade's left flank in a westerly running ravine parallel tothe mountain road, which branched off from the Old Sharpsburg Road. Instructing Hayes to keep his regiment in the woods as much as possible, Scammon also ordered him to flank and overrun the artillery section which he suspected was on the mountainside somewhere to their front (west).
"Omitting the `what,' Colonel Hayes blurted, `...if I find six guns and a strong support?'
"`Take them anyhow!' Scammon insisted.
"`All right then,' the colonel shouted as he turned to hismen, `we'll take them anyhow.' With his eyes glistening, he decided to make the most of the moment.
"Hayes asked for a cavalry screen and received Sergeant A B Farmer and a handful of James Abraham's troopers. He then proceeded to untangle his regiment so it could advance...It did not take long for the Ohioans to get lost along the high knoll on the southern end of the position. The dense woods, the rock outcroppings, and the steep acclivity slowed their pace considerably..."

p141: (14 Sep 1862) "Not very long after they started their surveillance, both (confederate) officers noticed movement along the mountain road to the southeast. Colonel McRae called for fifty skirmishers from the 5th North Carolina to sweep through the woods to their right front in an attempt to flank whoever it was moving about down in the hollow. The two officers had no idea how close the Federals were to their position. The thick undergrowth and closely packed trees forced part of the 5th North Carolina to file to the left until some of the line cleared the woods on the right flank.
"Company I of the 23rd Ohio, which was entangled in the woods along the mountain road, did not see them coming. The soldiers of the 23rd North Carolina, from their elevated position on the wood road along the mountain's summit, helplessly watched the two lines converge.
"On the opposite slope southeast of the Confederate position, Colonel Rutherford B Hayes (23rd Ohio) saw them also and responded immediately. Halting the regiment, he faced them by the rear rank. He centered himself on the regiment to deliver a `brave up' talk, as Compnay F retired to the battle line.
"With his eyes shining, he said,`Now boys, remember you are the 23rd and give them Hell. In these woods the rebels don't know but we are 10,000; and if we fight, and when we charge yell, we are as good as 10,000 by God.' He wheeled his horse about. `Give them Hell! Give the sons of bitches Hell.' The regiment stumbled down the rocky heavily wooded slope toward the mountain road.
"By then, the two skirmish lines had collided with one another. Companies A and I of 23rd Ohio methodically herded the North Carolinians back toward the cornfield near the top of the mountain...
"As the first reports of the rifle fire echoed up the mountain side, Samuel Garland yelled at Colonel Duncan McRae to bring up the rest of the 5th North Carolina. The woods on its right disrupted the regiment's formation...By the time the North Carolinians had gotten beyond the far side of the woods, the 23rd Ohio had crossed the mountain road into the open ground to their right front.
"The Confederates delivereda telling volley into the startled Ohioans which staggered their advance. The fighting quickly evolved from an uncertain firefight to a desperate shootout. The lines consolidated as the officers recalled their skirmishers and the men settled down to do some wholesale killing. Colonel Hayes gave the Rebels no respite. With bulldog tenacity, he ordered his line to move out. The 23rd Ohio's bugler sounded the `Charge.' The Ohioans yelled and hollered as they surged forward, and scattered the untried conscripts on the right flank of the 5th North Carolina. Their sharpshooters took cover behind the stone wall on the Rebels' right flank and opened fire. Their shots whistled into Captain Bondurant's artillerists, wounding threeof them...
"When Garland saw the North Carolina conscripts burst from the wood and head into the hollow east of the cornfield, he sent for the 12th North Carolina...
"In the meantime, the left wing of the 5th North Carolina retired ashort distance then stubbornly held its ground. Lieutenant Colonel Hayes (23rd Ohio) frantically reformed his line before the men became too carried away by the impetus of their own attack. The Confederates' musketry suddenly increased in volume as they fought it out toe to toe.
"The North Carolinians put up a determined resistance...
"...General Garland, who was on his way back to the cornfield, passed Bondurant's battery and yelled for the gunners to fire and then retirenorth. The artillerists heard him and several line officers from the 12th North Carolina screaming at their routed soldiers to regroup...
"Garland did not wait for the battery to fire. Continuing souteast, he rejoined Colonel McRae in thecornfield. Almost immediately, a bugler gehind the belt of woods below their position blew the `Charge.' The 23rd Ohio was rushing the 5th North Carolina again. The general suggested to McRae that he recall his regiment and he sent a runner offimmediately with the command. The outgunned 5th North Carolina, under Colonel McRae's instructions, withdrew as quickly as possible to the rear. While the Rebels scrambled through the hollow, heading back toward the cornfield, McRae told Garland he suspected the Federals, who had collected a superior force in the woods to their front and right, intended to turn his right. He further advised the general to shell the eastern part of the field to expose the Yankee position. Garland said the Yankee sharpshooters had forced the battery to quit the field and rode off to the left of the line.
"By then, the 23rd Ohio had gotten to the stone wall one hundred yards east of the 5th North Carolina and the 23rd North Carolina. There the Ohioans ran into a deadly barrage. The Rebels picked off officers with unnerving accuracy. Captain John W Ckiles (Company C) went down with a shattered arm. Captain Abraham A Hunter and Lieutenant James Naughton (both Company F) fell wounded as did Lieutenant Ritter.
"When the Ohioans rushed into the woods, Colonel Hayes dismounted and ran after them. Seconds after the regiment reached the clearing on the opposite side, when he was standing about twenty feet behind his line, a bullet smashed his left arm just above the elbow. It carried away half of the bone, leaving a ragged wound in the back of his arm. The impact staggered him, but he would not fall. Believing he had been hit in the artery, he cried for anenlisted man to tie off the blood flow with his handkerchief. Nausea and the blood loss forced him to lie down to regain his composure..."

p150: (14 Sep 1862) "In the meantime, the fighting to the south increased in volume. The strong willed Colonel Hayes of the 23rd Ohio refused to relinquish command of his regiment, in spite of his disabling injuries. Several of his soldiers retired from the stone wall back to the woods, which convinced the colonel that his regiment was readyto break. Hayes stood up and stopped a sergeant as he wandered past him.
"`I am played out,' the noncom complained, `please, sir, let me leave.'
"Hayes, who had used his sword as a prop, momentarily pointed it toward his wound. `Lookat this,' he snarled, `Don't talk about being played out. There is your place in line.'
"The disappointed soldier skulked back to the stone wall while the colonel lay down again.
"He found himself next to a wounded Rebel.
"`Youcame a good ways to fight us,' Hayes said.
"The Reb asked him where he was from.
"`I am from Ohio.'
"`Well, you came a good ways to fight us,' the Confederate quipped.
"The conversation lapsed into an uncomfortable silence.Finally, Hayes gave the Rebel his wife's name- Lucy- and a message for her, should he die. As he finished his message, a soldier ran up to Hayes and shouted that he thought the enemy was trying to turn his left flank. He ordered Captain James LDrake to wheel back his Company H and the company next to it. In the tumult the rest of the regiment gave way and retreated back to the belt of woods on the rise of ground behind them. Colonel Hayes, weakened from blood loss and intense pain, remained on the ground, semiconscious. Bullets from both sides zinged over his head and thudded into the ground around him for fifteen to twenty minutes. When the feared Confederate counterstrike never developed, Major James Comly ran through the fire to ask Hayes if he meant the entire regiment. No, the colonel gasped, but let it stand. At that the major ran back to the woods, leaving the colonel between the lines...
"...Colonel Hayes regained consciousness. Painfully raising his head to look about, he realized he was alone. He loudly pleaded, `Hello, 23rd men! Are you going to leave your colonel here for the enemy.
"Six volunteers dashed from the cover of the woods, offereing to take the colonel wherever he wanted to go. Their presence, however, attracted too much fire. As Hayes weakly commanded them to return to the regiment, the small arms fire picked up again. Minutes later, Lieutenant Benjamin W Jackson (Company C) scrambled through the clearingand dragged the colonel back to the woods. The lieutenant laid him down behind a log a went back to the firing line.
"The musket fire died away as quickly as it began. AS the regiment cautiously edged its way across the open ground back tothe stone wall, Lieutenant Jackson returned to Colonel Hayes and started down the hill with him toward Peter Beachley's house, where the surgeons had established the division's field hospital. Lieutenant Robert B Wilson (Company F, 12th Ohio) remembered seeing the colonel wandering to the rear with his arm in a sling."

Encycopaedia Britannica, Micropaedia, Vol IV, Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc, 1981, Chicago, Hayes Rutherford B(irchard) p966:
"b. 4 Oct 1822 Delaware OH, d. 17 Jan 1893 Fremont OH, 19th president of the United States (1877-1881), who brought post-Civil War Reconstruction to an end in the South and who tried to establish new standards of official integrity after eight years of corruption in Washington DC. He was the only president to hold office by decision of an extraordinary commission of congressmen and Supreme Court justices appointed to rule on contested electoral ballots.
"A successful Cincinnati lawyer during the decade precedingthe Civil War (1861-1865), Hayes represented defendants in several fugitive slave cases and became associated with the newly formed Republican Party. After combat service with the Union Army, he was elected to Congress (1865-1867) and to the Ohio governorship (1868-1876).
"Hayes attracted national attention by means of his third successful gubernatorial campaign in 1875 and the following year became his state's favourite son at the national Republican nominating convention, where a shrewdly managed campaign won him the presidential nomination. Hayes' unblemished public record and high moral tone offered a striking contrast to widely publicized accusations of corruption in the administration of President Ulyssess S Grant (1869-1877). An economic depression, however, and Northern disenchantment with Radical Reconstruction in the South combined to give Haye's Democratic opponent, Samuel J Tilden, a popular majority. Early returns indicated a Democratic victoryin the electoral college as well, but Hayes' campaign management challenged the validity of returns from South Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, and Oregon. As a result two sets of ballots were submitted from the three Southern states. The ultimate solution, which was not approved by Hayes, was the creation of a special 15-man election commission; it finally ruled in favour of the Hayes electors on 2 Mar 1877, giving Hayes the victory with 185 electoral votes to Tilden's 184 three daysbefore the scheduled inauguration.
"Honouring secret assurances made to moderate Southerners during the compromise negotiations, Hayes withdrew federal troops from areas still occupied, ending the era of Reconstruction (1865-1877). In addition, he promised not to interfere with elections in the former Confederacy, thus ensuring a return to power there of traditional white Democratic supremacy; he appointed Southerners to federal positions; and he made financial appropriations for Southern improvements. These policies aroused the animosity of a conservative Republican faction called Stalwarts, who were further antagonized by the President's efforts to reform civil service by substituting nonpartisan examination for political patronage. As a result, a bitter struggle erupted between him and New York senator Roscoe Conkling when two Republicans were removed from top positions in the New York customhouse.
"In the great railroad strikes of 1877, Hayes at the request of state governors, used federal troops against the strikers. His administration was under continual pressure from the Sout and West to resume silver coinage, outlawed in 1873. Many considered this proposal inflationary, and Hayes sided with the Eastern, hard-money (gold) interests. Congress, however, overrode his veto of the Bland-Allison Act (1878), which provided for government purchase of silver bullion and restoration of the silver dollar as legal tender. Hayes also vetoed a bill to restrict Chinese immigration because it violated treaty obligations, and this time his veto was upheld. He followed it with negotiations that led to a treaty, ratified in 1881, providing that the US could regulate, limit, or suspend Chinese immigration.
"In 1878 and 1879, a congressional investigating committee attempted to demonstrate Repulbican corruption in connection with the diputed election of 1876. The allegations did not involve Hayes himself, however, anda newpaper expose of Democratic improprieties during the election neutralized them. Hayes refused renomination in 1880, reiterating his desire to serve only one term as president.
"In retirement, Hayes devoted himself to humanitarian causes, notably education and vocational training opportunities for Southern black youth and prison reform. An informative biograph is Hary Barnard `Rutherford B Hayes and His America' (1954)."

http://www.findagrave.com/claimtofame/3.html;Hayes, Rutherford b. October 4, 1822. d. January 17, 1893.
19th US President. Hayes was elected president in 1877 after having served as governor of Ohio.
Rutherford Hayes Home (Spiegel Grove), Fremont, Ohio, USA.
GPS coordinates: 41.34, -83.1303 (hddd.dddd).

Holcombe Family Genealogy
James and Randal Holcombe
Family of President R. B. Hayes
79. President Rutherford Birchard6 Hayes (Rutherford5, Ensign Rutherford4, Capt. Ezekiel3, Daniel2, George1)(36) was born in Delaware, OH October 4, 1822. Rutherford died January 17, 1893 Fremont, OH, at 70 years of age. His body was interred Fremont, OH, Spiegel Grove.
He married Lucy Ware Webb Cincinnati, OH, December 30, 1852. Lucy was born Chillicothe, OH August 28, 1831. Lucy was the daughter of Dr. James Webb and Maria Cook. Lucy died June 25, 1889 Fremont, OH, at 57 years of age. Her body was interred Fremont, OH, Oakwood Cemetery.
Rutherford graduated Gambier, Ohio, 1842. Institution: Kenyon College. The 19th president (1877-1881). Served in the Civil War, making the rank of Major General; one of his sergeants, William McKinley, was later himself 25th president. Was first elected to the US congress while still in the Army and then was elected govenor of Ohio.

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