Count Raimond TOULOUSE, VI
- Born: 27 Oct 1156, Toulouse, Haute Garonne, France
- Married: Nov 1196, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
- Died: Aug 1222, Toulouse, Haute Garonne, France
Another name for Raimond was TOULOUSE Count.
Ancestral File Number: 8XJ2-3M.
Count of TOULOUSE Reigned 1194-1222.
Kings and Queens ofGreat Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Joan, Mar =2 (4) Raimond VIII Count of Toulouse, Died 1222."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch XX, p421:
 "...Raymond of Toulouse, John's brother-in-law, had been overwhelmed and almost despoiled of his possessions in an attempt to protect his subjects in their right to believe what seemed to them the truth..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, 1949, Doubleday & Co, p105:
"It was in the hall of the castle [of Limoges] that Raimund of Toulouse paid homage to Henry. He was a man of proud and unstable humors, as were most of the rulers of south Gaul, and his decision to acknowledge the suzerainty of the English King instead of the French was a metter of policy, from which at this particular moment he expected to reap some benefit. He swore the usual oath, which contained a promise to reveal any information he might have of machinations against the King. When he came to this part the tall count paused with deliberate intent.
"`It becomes my duty,' he said in a whisper meant only for the ears of the King, `to warn you. Make safe your fortresses in Poitou and Aquitaine. Distrust your wife and sons.'"
"The hands of the new vassal were in Henry's when he said this. The King's hands tightened their grip instinctively, but he said nothing toindicate he had heard. The ceremony was carried through and the incident seemed to have ended there..."
A History of the English Speaking People Winston S Churchill Vol I The Birth of Britain Dodd Mead & Co p265:
"During John's reign oneof the most cruel tragedies of world history had run its course in Southern France. In the domains of Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse, there had grown up during several generations a heresy, sombre and austere in theory but genial in practice. The Albigenses, or Cathares, `the Purified,' as they were called..."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p2283, Raymond VI: "Born 1156, Died 1222, Count of Toulouse (Abt 1194-1222). His tolerant attitude towards the Albigenses resulted in hisrepeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209. Attacked (1211) by Simon de Montfort, he received the support of his brother-in-law Peter II of Aragon. In 1213 he and Peter were defeated at Muret, and Raymond went into exile in England. Although obliged to grant Toulouse and Montauban to Montfort and Provence to his own son, Raymond VI returned (1217) and fought with his son against Montfort and Montfort's son. By the time of his death, Raymond had recaptured almost all of his territory for his son."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol VIII, p440, Raymond VI: "Born 27 Oct 1156, Died Aug 1222 Toulouse France, Count of Toulouse from 1194, who tolerated the Heretical Cathariin Languedoc, then (1209) joined the Albigensian Crusade against them and afterward fought the crusaders to save his own dominions.
"The son of Raymond V, Raymond VI was a nephew of King Louis VII of France and husband of Joan, a sister of Kings Richard I and John of England. Raymond VI was thought to have been an accessory ot the murder of a papal legate, Peter de Castelnau, who had been urging him to act against the Cathari. After the legate's death (15 Jan 1208), Pope Innocent III proclaimed the Albigensian Crusade, which Raymond joined, perhaps as penance. The other crusaders, most of whom were northern Frenchmen seeking lands in the south, installed Simon de Montfort (father of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, famous in English history) as viscount of Beziers and Carcassonne, within the county of Toulouse. In the Battle of Muret, near Toulouse (12 Sep 1213), Raymond and King Peter II of Aragon were defeated by Simon, who was awarded Raymond's countship by the fourth Lateran Council (1215).
"With Aragonese help, however, Raymond reoccupied the city of Toulouse (Sep 1217). He then withstood a siege by Simon (who was killed near the city, 25 Jun 1218) and regained most of his lands before his sudden death. Twice excommunicated by the church, he was refused Christian burial."
National Geographic, Vol 176, No 3, Sep 1989, p334, Retracing the First Crusade: "...First Crusade route of Raymond of Toulouse (1096-1097)..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8XJ2-3M Raimond, NG HESP Raymond of TOULOUSE.
Raimond married Countess Joanna England TOULOUSE, daughter of King Henry ENGLAND, II and Queen Eleanor Aquitaine ENGLAND, in Nov 1196 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. (Countess Joanna England TOULOUSE was born in Oct 1164-1165 in Angers, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died on 4 Sep 1199 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France and was buried in Fontevrault L'abbaye, Maine-Et-Loire, France.)