Countess Joanna England TOULOUSE
- Born: Oct 1164-1165, Angers, Maine-Et-Loire, France
- Married (1): 13 Feb 1176-1177, St Egidius, Palermo, Palermo, Italy
- Married (2): Nov 1196, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
- Died: 4 Sep 1199, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
- Buried: Fontevrault L'abbaye, Maine-Et-Loire, France
Other names for Joanna were TOULOUSE Countess, SICILY Queen and Joan.
Ancestral File Number: 8XJ4-0D.
Queen of SICILY, Countess of TOULOUSE.
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Joan, Mar =1 William II King of Sicily, Died 1189."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch XV, p328:
 "About the same time an embassy appeared in England from the Norman courtof Sicily ot arrange for a marriage between William II of that kingdom and Henry's youngest daughter, Joanna. The marriages of each of Henry's daughters had some influence on the history of England before the death of his youngest son. His eldest daughter Matilda had been married in 1168 to Henry the Lion, head of the house of Guelf in Germany, and his second daughter, Eleanor to Aophonso III of Castile, in 1169 or 1170...The ambassadors of King William found themselves pleased withthe little princess whom they had come tosee, and sent back a favourable report, signifying also the consent of King Henry. In the following February she was married and crowned queen of Palermo, being then a little more than twelve years old..."
Ch XVII, p367:
"...Domestic politics in the kingdom of Sicily were a further source of trouble. Richard's brother-in-law, King William, had died a year before the arrival of the crusaders..."
"It was only on April 10, 1191,that Richard at last set sail on the real crusade. He sent on a little before him his intended bride, Berengaria, with his sister Joanna, the widowed queen of Sicily...In Cyprus Richard was married to Berengaria, and on June 5 he set sail for Acre, where he arrived on the 8th..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, 1949, Doubleday & Co
p46: "Next [after Richard] was a daughter named Joanna, who became the Queen of William II of Sicilyand went with Richard and his bride Berengaria to the Crusades..." p160: "Eleanor's gentle daughter Joanna met them at Naples. She had married the Norman King of Sicily and was now a widow and dispossessed by Tancred, the successor to the throne...Joanna took an instant liking to Berengaria. They became, in fact, the closest of friends and continued so through all the stormy times ahead of them..."
p192: "It would be pleasant if it could be recorded that Berengaria's life flowed in easy courses after Richard's death, but unfortunately she continued the victim of fate's buffeting. Within a few weeks she lost her only sister Blanche and the friend who had stood by her in all her trials, the King's sister Joanna. Thelatter had married again, a genuine love match, and her husband, Raimund of Toulouse, became involved in the religious persecutions of the Albigenses in the south of France. In his behalf Joanna came to beg Richard's assistance and arrived soon after her brother's death. The shock caused her to give birth prematurely to a son, and she died herself the following day."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Macropaedia, Vol XV, p827, Richard I the Lion- Heart of England: "...Richard raised a formidable fleet and army and in 1190 departed. He found the Sicilians hostile and took Messina by storm (October 4). To prevent the German emperor Henry VI from ruling their country, the Sicilians had elected the native Tancred of Lecce, whohad imprisoned the late king's wife, Joan of England (Richard's sister) and denied her possession of her dower. By the Treaty of Messina Richard obtained for Joan her release and her dower, acknowledged Tancred as king of Sicily, declared Arthur of Britanny to be his own Heir, and provided for Arthur to marry Tancred's daughter. This treaty infuriated the Germans..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain, 1951, Popular Library
p20: "Joanna Born 1165, Died 1199, Married William of Sicily, No Issue, Second husband Raimund of Toulouse..."
The Political History of England 1216-1377, T F Tout, 1905, AMS Press, Vol III,
p105: "... The French king promised to hand overto Henry certain districts then held by his brother, Alfonse of Poitiers, and his brother's wife Joan of Toulouse, in the event of their dominions escheating to the crown by their death without heirs. These regions included Agen and the Agenais, Saintonge to the south of the Charente, and in addition the whole of Quercy, if it could be proved by inquest that it had been given by Richard I to his sister Joan, grandmother of Joan of Poitiers as her marriage portion..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8XJ4-0D.
Joanna married King William SICILY, II on 13 Feb 1176-1177 in St Egidius, Palermo, Palermo, Italy. (King William SICILY, II died in 1189.)
Joanna also married Count Raimond TOULOUSE, VI, son of Count Raimond TOULOUSE, V and Princess Constance FRANCE, in Nov 1196 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. (Count Raimond TOULOUSE, VI was born on 27 Oct 1156 in Toulouse, Haute Garonne, France and died in Aug 1222 in Toulouse, Haute Garonne, France.)