Captain Myles STANDISH, Sr 1
- Born: Abt 1583-1584, Ellanbane, Isle of Man, Lancashire, England
- Christened: Chorley, Lancashire, England
- Married (1): Bef 1620
- Married (2): 1623-1624, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
- Died: 3 Oct 1656, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
- Buried: 1656, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Other names for Myles were Captain and Miles.
Ancestral File Number: GNVZ-6K. User ID: 2348.
Captain, Pilgrim, Purchaser 1626, Undertaker 1627-41, Asst Governor Plymouth 1633-56.
"Ohio's First School Teacher- Bathsheba Rouse"
by Lucy COLE Fleming
"...John Rouse, the father of Bathsheba migrated with his family to Marietta. Before the Revolutionary War he had made his living on a whaling fleet out of New Bedford, Massachusetts. His great grandfather had come from England. Through his mother John Rouse was descended from that hero of history and romance- Miles Standish. Alexander Standish, son of the famous Miles, married Sarah Alden, daughter of John and Priscilla Alen. Their daughter Lorah Standish, became the great grandmother of Bathsheba Rouse. Thus the pioneer shcool mistress of Ohio was descended from two of the first families of America..."
"Saints and Strangers- Being the Lives of the Pilgrim Fathers and their Families with their Friends and Foes and an Account of their Posthumous Wanderings in Limbo, Their Final Resurrection and Rise to Glory and the Strange Pilgrimages of Plymouth Rock" George F Willison, Reynal & Hitchcock NY 1945:
p130: "By an ironic twist of fate, it is among the 'strangers' and not 'ye saincts' that one finds the three Pilgrims who, thanks to Longfellow, have enjoyed the greatest posthumous fame- Myles Standish, John Alden, and Priscilla Mullins. (For the passengers on the 'Mayflower', see Appendix A, which, with Appendix B, constitutes a sort of 'dramatis personae'.) The last may possibly have been a Separatist on boarding the 'Mayflower', for Cushman had early outlined the venture to her father who was one of the first ot sign up and pay in hismoney. Largely because of his name, tradition has it that William Mullins- or 'Molines', as he wrote it- was a Huguenot and came from France to join the company. It is much more likely that his was merely one of many common English names of Norman orgin. In any case, he hod long been a shopkeeper at Dorking, Surrey, about thirty miles southwest of London, and from there departed for the New World. With him came his wife and two children, Joseph and Priscilla, a girl in her late teens and probably not half so prim as painted- and certainly not so affectedly coy, a revolting mannerism not of hers but of Longfellow's day...
"Myles Standish was an older man, one of teh middle generation, a hardened professional soldier of thirty-sex or thereabouts, being four or five years Bradford's senior. Though now perphas the best known of all the Pilgrims, at least by name, Standish remains something of an enigma, for much mystery still surrounds 'Captaine Shrimpe', as he was dubbed by an enemy because he was short in stature, with red hair and a florid complexion, which lamed to crimson when he flew into a rage- which was often. Not trace has been found of his parents, but he appears to have been born at Chorley, Lancashire about 1584. According to tradition, he was early left an orphan and went off to the wars before he was twenty- shipping to The netherlands with the troops sent by Queen Elizabeth to aid the Dutch against Spain. All English troops were withdrawn in 1609, and Lieutenant Standish presumably returned home with them. It is evident, however, that he had somewhere met John robinson, either at Amsterdam or Leyden, or elsewhere, and Robinson had taken his measure rather well, as later revealed when he delivered the Plymouth brethren a stinging rebuke for a bloddy and dubious action. But Standish's life is virtually ablankk page down to the day when he and his wife Rose stepped on the Mayflower.
"Many years later, in his last will and testament, Standish asserted his claim to many large estates in Lancashire and on the Isle of Man, declaring himself the rightful heir of a rich and powerful house of landed gentry, the Standishes of Standish. It was a family with a distinguished military tradition, proud of its long line of warriors, and it is significant that the Pilgrim captain was named Myles, from the Latin miles, soldiers. But modern scholars have quite clearly disproved Standish's claims to the lands that were, so he alleged, rightfully his 'by lawfull Decent but Surruptuously Detained.' They have discovered that the Standishes of Standish owned no properties in the parishes which the captain named, and that he had only the remotest connection with this family.
"Yet this connection, remote as it is, may explain the most remarkable thing about the commander-in-chief of the small but formidable Pilgrim army. Alone of the Pilgrim leaders, he never joined the church at Plymouth. His name is comspicuously absent from its records and rolls. Nowhere is he listed among the commuunicants. This is all the more startling because Plymouth early adopted the theocratic principle that no one could be a citizen, let alone a magistrate or officer shaping and executing policy, who was not a member of the church anda communicant in good standing. Why this signal exeption? Can it be that the Pilgrims needed him and appreciated his success in organizing the defense of the colony, and for that reason were willing to overlook his religious scruples? And what were his scruples? No one knows, but it is interesting at least that the Standishes of Standish and all the brances of that family had never accepted Protestantism in any form, steadfastly adhering to their old Roman Catholic faith...
p442: "Standish, Captain Myles (c1584-1656)- probably of Chorley, Lancashire 'a little chimney is quickly fired'. Soldier in English forces sent to aid Dutch c1600-1602; leader of First Discovery 1620; saves Pilgrim party in 'huggery' at Eastham 1620; organizes Pilgrim army and explores Massachusetts Bay 1621; brings Wituwamat's head 1623; married Plymouth 1623 to 2nd wife Barbara _____ (see 'Anne' Strtangers); vainly attempts to recover Cape Ann 1625; sent to England and returns with news of Robinson's death 1626; Purchaser 1626; Undertaker 1627-41; arrests Thomas Morton at merry Mount 1629; removed to Duxbury c 1632; Asst Governor almost continuously from 1633, and probably from 1624; favors religious toleration 1646; treasurer 1652-55; left estate of L360; alone of Pilgrim leaders, never joined church."
Mayflower Web Pages, Caleb Johnson, 1998
DIED: 3 October 1656, Duxbury,MA
MARRIED: (1). Rose (---)
(2). Barbara (---), c1623, Plymouth
CHILDREN (all by Barbara):
Name- Birth; Death; Marriage
Charles- c1624, Plymouth; between 1627 and 1634; unmarried
Alexander- c1626, Plymouth; 6 July 1702, Duxbury, MA; (1). Sarah Alden, Duxbury, MA (2). Desire (Doty) (Sherman) Holmes, c1688
John- c1627, Plymouth; before 1650; unmarried
Myles- c1629, Plymouth; lost at sea, 19 August 1661; Sarah Winslow, 19 July 1660, Boston
Lora- after May 1627, probably Plymouth; before 1651; unmarried
Josiah- c1633, Plymouth; 19 March 1690-1, Preston, CT; (1). Mary Dingley, 19 December 1654, Marshfield, MA; (2). Sarah Allen, after 7 March 1655-6
Charles- after 1634, probably Duxbury; after 7 March 1655/6; unmarried
A lot of research has been done on the ancestry of Myles Standish, yet nothing conclusive on his parents have been found. G.V.C. Young has suggested Myles Standish's great-grandfather was Huan Standish of the Isle of Man. However, recent research has tended to undermine this conclusion, and new discoveries are currently being made which could very well disprove the Isle of Man origins altogether.
Thomas Morton of Merrymount, in his 1637 book New England's Canaan, mentions that "Captain Shrimp" was bred a soldier in the Low Countries, and Nathaniel Morton wrote in 1669 that Standish was from Lancashire. The will of Myles Standish mentions numerous lands both in Lancashire and on the Isle of Man.
The maiden names of Myles Standish's wives Rose and Barbara are not known. Rose died on 29 January 1620/1 at Plymouth, and wife Barbara arrived on the ship Anne in July 1623. By the time of the 1623 Division of Land, Myles and Barbara were already married. This probably suggests a marriage arranged by Standish, to a Barbara he either knew from home or from his stay in Leyden. There is absolutely no evidence at all to suggest Barbara's maiden name was Mullins, as is sometimes claimed, nor that either Rose or Barbara were his cousins as occasionally claimed. There is also no evidence to suggest Myles Standish pursued Priscilla Mullins, as in the Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "The Courtship of Myles Standish". This poem was intentionally fictional and should be considered as such. Myles Standish would have been about 39 and Priscilla about 18--an unlikely couple.
Myles Standish started his military career as a drummer, and eventually worked his way up and into the Low Countries (Holland), where English troops under Heratio Vere had been stationed to help the Dutch in their war with Spain. It was certainly here that he made acquaintance with the Pilgrims at Leyden, and came into good standing with the Pilgrims pastor John Robinson. Standish was eventually hired by them to be their military captain.
Captain Standish lead most of the first exploring missions into the wintery surroundings at Cape Cod looking for a place to settle. He was elected military captain, and organized the Pilgrims defenses against the Indians, as well as protect the Colony from the French, Spanish, and Dutch. In 1622 he led an expedition to save the remaining members of the Wessagusett Colony and killed several Indians who had led the plot to kill all the Englishmen at that Colony.
Standish befriended an Indian named Hobomok, just as Bradford befriended Squanto, and the two lived out their lives very close to one another. Hobomok was a warrior for Massasoit, and the two "military men" probably understood one another better than most.
So much could be written about Myles Standish. But here are a few selections from what contemporaries had to say about him, both the good and the bad.
William Bradford on Myles Standish:
But that which was most sad and lamentable was, that in two or three months' time half of their company died, especially in January and February . . . So as their died some times two or three of a day in the foresaid time, that of 100 and odd persons, scarce fifty remained. And of these, in the time of most distress, there was but six or seven sound persons who to their great commendations, be it spoken, spared no pains night nor day, but with abundance of toil and hazard of their own health, fetched them wood, made them fires, dressed their meat, made their beds, washed their loathsome clothes, clothed and unclothed them. . . . Two of these seven were Mr. William Brewster, their reverend Elder, and Myles Standish, their captain and military commander, unto whom myself and many others were much beholden in our low and sick condition.
William Hubbard, c1650 in his The General History of New England, writes of Standish:
Capt. Standish had been bred a soldier in the Low Countries, and never entered the school of our Savior Christ, or of John Baptist, his harbinger; or, if he was ever there, had forgot his first lessens, to offer violence to no man, and to part with the cloak rather than needlessly contend for the coat, though taken away without order. A little chimney is soon fired; so was the Plymouth captain, a man of very little stature, yet of a very hot and angry temper. The fire of his passion soon kindled, and blown up into a flame by hot words, might easily have consumed all, had it not been seasonably quenched.
Thomas Morton of Merrymount, in his New England's Cannan describing Standish, and his own arrest which was carried out by Standish (1637):
. . . But mine Host [i.e. Thomas Morton] no sooner had set open the door, and issued out, but instantly Captain Shrimp and the rest of his worthies stepped to him, laid hold of his arms [guns], and had him down . . . Captain Shrimp, and the rest of the nine worthies, made themselves, (by this outrageous riot,) Masters of mine Host of Merrymount, and disposed of what he had at his plantation.
Nathaniel Morton in his New England's Memorial (1669) wrote of Myles Standish's death in 1656:
This year Captain Miles Standish expired his mortal life. . . . In his younger time he went over into the low countries, and was a soldier there, and came acquainted with the church at Leyden, and came over into New-England, with such of them as at the first set out for the planting of the plantation of New-Plimouth, and bare a deep share of their first difficulties, and was always very faithful to their interest. He growing ancient, became sick of the stone, or stranguary, whereof, after his suffering of much dolorous pain, he fell asleep in the Lord, and was honourably buried at Duxbury.
Conspiratorial letter of John Oldham, intercepted by William Bradford:
Captain Standish looks like a silly boy and is in utter contempt.
Edward Winslow, in Good News From New England describing an retaliatory military expedition, relating to an Indian conspiracy Massasoit had alerted the Pilgrims to (1624):
Also Pecksuot, being a man of greater stature than the Captain, told him, though he were a great Captain, yet he was but a little man; and said he, though I be no sachem, yet I am a man of great strength and courage. These things the Captain observed, yet bare with patience for the present. . . . On the next day he began himself with Pecksuot, and snatching his own knife from his neck, though with much struggling, killed him therewith . . . Hobbamock stood by all this time as a spectator, and meddled not, observing how our men demeaned themselves in this action. All being here ended, smiling, he brake forth into these speeches to the Captain: "Yesterday Pecksuot, bragging of his own strength and stature, said, though you were a great captain, yet you were but a little man; but today I see you are big enough to lay him on the ground."
A chair and a sword owned by Myles Standish are preserved in the Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts. The authenticity of the portrait of Myles Standish shown above not fully known. The inscription with the portrait reads "AEtatis Suae 38, Ao. 1625", and it is only by tradition that the portrait is of Myles Standish--a tradition, however, which dates back to at least 1812.
Robert S. Wakefield, Mayflower Families for Five Generations: Myles Standish, volume 14 (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1994).
George V.C. Young, Myles Standish: First Manx American, (Isle of Man: Manx-Svenska, 1984).
George V.C. Young, More on Pilgrim Myles Standish: First Manx American, (Isle of Man: Manx-Svenska, 1986).
George V.C. Young, Myles Standish was Born in Ellenbane, (Isle of Man: Manx-Svenska, 1988).
Norman Weston Standish, "Standish Lands in England," Mayflower Quarterly 52:109.
William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, ed. Samuel Morison (New York: Random House, 1952).
William Bradford and Edward Winslow. A Relation or Journal of the Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation settled at Plymouth . . . (London: John Bellamie, 1622).
Edward Winslow. Good News From New England (London: John Bellamie, 1624).
Thomas Morton. New English Canaan (Amsterdam: Frederick Stam, 1637).
Nathaniel Morton. New England's Memorial (Cambridge, 1669).
Merton Taylor Goodrich, "The Children and Grandchildren of Capt. Myles Standish", New England Historical and Genealogical Register 87(1933):149-153.
Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1876-1877, p. 324 (Standish portrait information).
ID: I01921 Name: CAPT MYLES STANDISH Sex: M Birth: 1584 in ENGLAND/Lancastershire?/London?-Came 1620 on the Mayflower Death: 3 OCT 1655 in Duxbury, MA Reference Number: 1921 Note:
Captain Myles Standish came in the Mayflower in 1620 hired as military commander and defender of the Plymouth Colony. He was accompanied by his
wife Rose, who died during the 'First Winter'. Captain Myles remarried after
Rose's death to Barbara Allen who came to Plymouth aboard the 'Anne' in 1622.
Many Standish descendants believe Barbara was the sister of Rose Standish and probably brought his son Thomas Standish with her from England. Thomas
Standish also could have been the child of an earlier marriage as little is known
of Capt Myles' earlier life except that he was a professional military man who
served in England and on the continent before being hired by the Plymouth Bay
Company. Thomas Standish was not mentioned in the will of Capt Myles in
3 Oct 1655, only the children of wife Barbara were mentioned.
By that date Thomas Standish was a mature man of considerable estate. He was
a founder of Wethersfield, CT and built the fort and fortifications there before
settlement. He had military training, and, according to contemporary Wethersfield accounts, a strong physical resemblence to Capt Myles. Wethersfield settlers believed Thomas Standish was the son of Capt Myles Standish. Thomas being left out of his father's will was not unusual for an older
child from a previous marriage who had already been well provided for. When
Capt Myles died several of his sons were only in their twenties and obviously
in need of a start in life. There was also the influence of their mother, Barbara,
who naturally would expect her children to be given an inheritance equal to
her stepson's earlier.
Marriage 1 ROSE (MdNmUnk) STANDISH b: ABT. 1590 in Isle of Mann, England
Married: ABT. 1611 in Isle of Mann, England ? London, England?
THOMAS STANDISH b: 1612 in ENGLAND
Marriage 2 Barbara ALLEN b: ABT. 1600 in England - came over in the "Anne"
Married: 1623 in Plymouth Colony, MA
Charles STANDISH b: 1624 in Plymouth Colony, MA
Alexander STANDISH b: 1626 in Plymouth Colony, MA
John STANDISH b: 1627 in Plymouth Colony, MA
Myles STANDISH b: 1629
Lora STANDISH b: 1631 in Plymouth Colony, MA
Josias STANDISH b: 1633
Charles STANDISH b: AFT. 1634 in Plymouth Colony, MA
Mayflower Web Pages, Caleb Johnson, 1998
The Will of Myles Standish
The Last will and Testament of Captaine Myles Standish Exhibited before the court held att Plymouth (the 4th) of may 1657 on the oath of Captaine James Cudworth; and ordered to bee recorded as followeth;
Given under my hand this march the 7th 1655 Witnesseth these prsents that I Myles Standish senir of Duxburrow being in prfect memory yett Deseased in my body and knowing the fraile estate of man in his best estate I Doe make this to be my last will and Testament in manor and forme following;
1 my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall charges be taken out & my bod(y) to be buried in Decent manor and if I Die att Duxburrow my body to bee layed as neare as Conveniently may bee to my two Daughters Lora Standish my Daughter and Mary Standish my Daughterinlaw
2 my will is that that out of the remaining prte of my whole estate that all my jus(t) and lawful Debts which I now owe or att the Day of my Death may owe bee paied
3 out of what remaines according to the order of this Govrment: my will is that my Dear and loveing wife Barbara Standish shall have the third prte
4 I have given to my son Josias Standish upon his marriage one young horse five sheep and two heiffers which I must upon that contract of marriage make forty pounds yett not knowing whether the estate will bear it att prsent; my will is that the resedue remaine in the whole stocke and that every one of my four sons viz Allexander Standish Myles Standish Josias Standish and Charles Standish may have forty pounds appeec; if not that they may have proportionable to ye remaining prte bee it more or lesse
5 my will is that my eldest son Allexander shall have a Double share in land
6 my will is that soe long as they live single that the whole bee in prtenership betwix(t) them
7 I do ordaine and make my Dearly beloved wife Barbara Standish Allexander Standish Myles Standish and Josias Standish Joynt Exequitors of this my last will and Testament
8 I Doe by this my will make and appoint my loveing frinds mr Timothy hatherley and Capt: James Cudworth Supervissors of this my last will and that they wilbee pleased to Doe the office of Christian love to bee healpfull to my poor wife and Children by theire Christian Counsell and advisse; and if any Difference should arise which I hope will not; my will i(s) that my said Supervissors shall Determine the same and that they see that m(y) poor wife shall have as comfortable maintainance as my poor state will beare the whole time of her life which if you my loveing frinds pleasse to Doe though neither they nor I shalbee able to recompenc I Doe not Doubt but the Lord will; By mee Myles Standish
further my will is that marcye Robenson whome I tenderly love for her Grandfathers sacke shall have three pounds in somthing to goe forward for her two yeares after my Decease which my will is my overseers shall see prformed
further (m)y will is that my servant John Irish Junir have forty shillings more then his Covenant which will appear upon the towne booke alwaies provided that hee continew till the time hee covenanted bee expired in the service of my exequitors or any of them with theire Joynt Concent
March 7th 1655 By mee Myles Standish.
9 I give unto my son & heire aparent Allexander Standish all my lands as heire apparent by lawfull Decent in Ormistick Borsconge Wrightington Maudsley Newburrow Crawston and the Ile of man and given to me as right heire by lawful Decent but Surruptuously Detained from mee my great G(ran)dfather being a 2cond or younger brother from the house of Standish of Standish
March the 7th 1655 by mee Myles Standish
Witnessed by mee
Mayflower Web Pages, Caleb Johnson, 1998
Probate Estate Inventory of Captain Myles Standish
An Inventory of the goods and Chattles that Captaine Miles Standish gent: was possessed of att his Decease as they were shewed to us whose names are underwritten this 2cond of Decembe(r) 165(6) and exhibited to the court held att Plymouth
the 4 may 1657 on the oath of mis Barbara Standish
It one Dwelling house and outhouses with the land ther unto belonging 140 00 00
It 4 oxen 24 00 00
It 2 mares to mare courts one young horse 48 00 00
It six cowes 3 heifers and one Calfe 29 00 00
It 8 ewe sheep two rames and one wether 15 00 00
It 14 swine great and smale 3 15 00
It one fowling peece 3 musketts 4 Carbines 2 smale guns one old barrell 08 01 00
It one sword one Cutles 3 belts 02 07 00
It the history of the world and the turkish history 01 10 00
It a Cronicle of England and the Countrey ffarmer 00 08 00
It ye history of queen Ellisabeth the state of Europe Vusebious Dodines earball 01 10 00
It Doctor halls workes Calvins Institutions 01 04 00
It Wilcocks workes and Mayors 01 00 00
It rogers seaven treatises and the ffrench Akadamey 00 12 00
It 3 old bibles 00 14 00
It Cecers Comentaryes Bariffes artillery 00 10 00
It Prestons Sermons Burroughes Christian contentment gosspell Conversation passions of the mind the Phisitions practice Burrowghes earthly mindednes Burroughs Descovery 01 04 00
It Ball on faith Brinssleys watch Dod on the lords Supper Sparke against herisye Davenports apollogye 00 15 00
It a reply to Doctor Cotten on baptisme the Garman history the Sweden Intelligencer reasons Discused 00 10 00
It 1 Testament one Psalme booke Nature and grace in Conflict a law booke the mean in mourning allegation against B P of Durham Johnson against hearing 00 06 00
It a prcell of old bookes of Divers subjects in quarto 00 14 00
It an other prcell in Octavo 00 04 00
It Wilsons Dixonary homers Illiads a Comentary on James balls Cattechesmes 00 12 00
It halfe a young heiffer 1 00 00
It one feather bed bolster and 2 pillowes 04 00 00
It 1 blankett a Coverlid and a rugg 01 05 00
It 1 feather bed blankett and great pillow 02 15 00
It one old featherbed 02 05 00
It one feather bed and bolster 04 00 00
It one blankett and 2 ruggs 01 15 00
It one feather bolster and old rugg 00 14 00
It 4 padre of sheets 03 00 00
It 1 padre of fine sheets 01 04 00
It 1 Tablecloth 4 napkins 00 10 00
It his wearing clothes 10 00 00
It 26 peeces of pewter 01 08 00
It earthen ware 00 05 00
It 3 brasse kettles one skillett 02 00 00
It 4 Iron posts 01 08 00
It a warming pan a frying pan and a Cullender 00 00 9 00
It one padre of stillyards 00 10 00
It 2 bedsteds one Table 1 forme Chaires 1 Chest and 2 boxes 02 13 0
It 1 bedsted one settle bed one box 3 Caske 01 07 00
It 1 bedsted 3 Chists 3 Casses with som bottles 1 box 4 Caske 02 06 06
It one Still 00 12 00
It 1 old settle 1 Chaire one kneading trough 2 pailes 2 trades one Dozen of trenchers 1 bowle 1 ferkin 1 beer Caske 1 Table 00 16 00
It 2 beer Caske 1 Chern 2 spiring wheels one powdering tubb 2 old Caske one old flaskett 00 15 00
It 1 mauls mill 02 00 00
It 2 sawes with Divers Carpenters tooles 01 19 00
It a Timber Chaine with plow Chaines 01 06 00
It 2 saddles a pillion 1 bridle 01 00 00
It old Iron 00 11 0
It 1 Chist and a bucking Tubb 00 08 0
It 1 hachell 2 tramells 2 Iron Doggs 1 spits one fierforke 1 lamp 2 gars one lanthorn with other old lumber 02 01 0
It in woole 00 15 0
It hemp and flax 00 06 0
It eleven bushells of wheat 02 05 0
It 24 bushells of rye 02 02 0
It 30 bushells of pease 05 05 0
It 25 bushels of Indian Corn 3 15 0
It Cart and yeekes and plow Irons and 1 brake 2 05 0
It axes sickles hookes and other tooles 01 00 0
It eight Iron hoopes 1 spiring wheele with other lumber 00 14 0
John Alden 055 18 00
James Cudworth 280 06 00
[total] 358 07 00
Sarah SAMPSON dau Abraham SAMPSON and Lorah STANDISH grandau Alexander STANDISH and Sarah ALDEN greatgrandau Myles STANDISH and John ALDEN mar John ROUSE.
Ancestral File Ver 4.19 GNVZ-6K.
1. Immigration; 5 Aug 1620, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA. "Mayflower", from Leyden Holland via Southampton England.
Myles married Rose before 1620. (Rose died on 29 Jan 1620-1621 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA.)
Myles also married Barbara MULLINS in 1623-1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA. (Barbara MULLINS was born in 1588 and died on 6 Oct 1659 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA.)