Mary DOVER 1
- Born: Abt 1600-1610, Crewkerne, Somersetshire, England
- Married (1): 14 Nov 1626-1638, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- Married (2): 1638, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
- Died: 27 Nov 1673-1675, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- Buried: Nov 1673, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Another name for Mary was Anne.
Ancestral File Number: 113Z-W4V. User ID: 2307.
Lucy Mayberry BARBER Cole, Dictated by her father Capt Levi BARBER, and copied by her great grand daughter Linda Jean ENGLE Lackore Summer 2000:
"The first settlers of Simsbury Connecticut came from Windsor Connecticut. A very large proportion of the inhabitants as late as 1845 can trace their ancestry to that small flock who under the pastoral charge of the Rev Mr Warham left England in 1630 and after remaining a short time in Dorchester Massachusetts near Boston removed in the fall of 1635 and spring of 1636 to Windsor Connecticut."
The Mary and John The Story of the Founding of Dorchester Massachusetts 1630, Maude PinneyKuhns, Charles E Tuttle Co, Rutland VT, 1943, (CT Historical Society) p1:
"On the twentieth of March, 1630, a group of men and women, one hundred and forty in number, set sail from Plymouth, England, in the good ship, the 'Mary and John'.The company had been selected and assembled largely through the efforts of the Reverend John White, of Dorchester, England; with whom they spent the day before sailing, 'fasting, preaching, and praying.' These people had come from the westerncounties of England, mostly from Devonshire, Dorsetshire, and Somerset. They had chosen two ministers to accompany them: 'men who were interested in the idea of bringing the Indians to the knowledge of the gospel.' The Reverend John Maverick was an elderly man from Devon, a minister of the Established church. Reverend John Warham was also an ordained minister of the Church of England, in Exeter, eminent as a preacher. There is some evidence that both of these men were in some difficulties with the church on account of their sympathies with the Puritans.
"Edward Rossiter and Roger Ludlow, two men who were members of the government in England, were also chosen; and several gentlemen, middleaged, with adult families werenext joined to the association. Among these wer Henry Wolcott, Thomas Ford, George Dyer, William Gaylord, William Rockwell, and William Phelps. But a large portion of the company were young men, eager for adventure, such as Israel Stoughton, Roger Clapp, George Minot, Richard Collicott, and Nathaniel Duncan.
"So we came, writes Roger Clapp in his Memoirs, by the good hand of the Lord, through the deep comportably; having preaching or expounding of the word of God every day forten weeks together by our menisters. When we came to Nantasket, Capt. Squeb, who was Captain of that great ship of four hundred tons, put us on shore and our goods on Nantasket Point, and left us to shift for ourselves in a forelorn place in this wilderness.
"It had been their original intent to land in the Charles River, but a dispute with Captain Squeb, the commander of the vessel, caused the whole company, on May 30, 1630, to be put ashore at Nantasket. The 'Mary and John' was the first of the Fleet of 1630 to arrive in the bay. At that time there could not have been pilots, or charts of the channel, and it does not seem unreasonable that the captain refused to undertake the passage, but Roger Clap has sent CaptainSqueb down to posterity as a merciless man.
"According to tradition they landed upon the south side of Dorchester Neck, or South Boston, in Old Harbor. Ten of the men, under the command of Captain Southcote, found a small boat, and went up the river to Charlestown Neck, where they found an old planter, probably Thomas Walfourd, who fed them 'a dinner of fish without bread.' Later they continued their journey up the Charles River, as far as what is now Watertown, returning several days later to the company who had found pasture for their cattle at Mattapan. The settlement was later called Dorchester, in honor of the Reverend John White, of Dorchester, England.
"Roger Clap tells of the hardships that followed. They had little food, and were forced to live on clams and fish. The men built small boats, and the Indians came later with baskets of corn. 'The place was a wilderness,' writes Roger Clap. 'Fish was a good help to me and to others. Brad was so scarce that I thought the very crusts from my father's table would have been sweet; and when I could have meal and salt and water boiled together, I asked, 'who could ask for better?'
"Here they lived for five or six years. Other boats arrived and other towns were settled. But the life at Dorchester was not entirely congenial to the lovers of liberty of the 'Mary and John'. The group of settlements aroundMassachusetts Bay was dominated by clergymen and officials of aristocratic tendencies. Their Governor, John Winthrop, had little sympathy with the common people. 'The best part (of the people),' he declared, 'is always the least, and of that best part, the wiser is always is always the lesser.' And the Reverend John Cotton put it more bluntly when he said, 'Never did God ordain democracy for the government of the church or the people.'
"These principles were repugnant to the people of the 'Mary and John', who had come to America to escape such restraint.They had no wish to interfere with the methods of worship of others, and they did not wish others to interfere with them. Too, they wer land-hungry, after centuries of vassalage to the lords of the manors, leading hopeless lives without chanceof independence. Perhaps they were influenced also, by the fact that a great smallpox epidemic had raged among the Indians, killing off so many that they wre not the menace that they had been at first. The settlers turned their attention toward the fertile meadows of the Connecticut Valley.
"A group under Roger Ludlow set out and reached the Plymouth Trading house that had been erected by William Holmes near the junction of the Connecticut and the Farmington Rivers, early in the summer of 1635. A little later sixty men, women and children, with their 'cows, heifers and swine', came overland from Dorchester. The winter was severe and the food scarce, and many returned to Massachusetts, but in the spring they came backto Connecticut with their friends, and by April, 1636, most of the members of the Dorchester Church were settled near the Farmington River, along the brow of the hill that overlooks the 'Great Meadow'. This is spite of the fact that the Plymouth people disputed their claim to the land. They built rude shelters, dug out of the rising ground along the edge of the river bank. The rear end and the two sides were simply the earth itself, with a front and a roof of beams. The town was later named Windsor.
"In the following year, 1637, danger from the Pequot Indians forced them to abandon their dugouts and to come together around the area known as the Palisado Green. Their new homes were at once enclosed with a strong palisado.
"In 1639 they began the construction of their first real meeting house. It stood in the center of the palisado, and was topped with a cupola and platform, where the sexton beat a drum to summon the people to attend services or publicmeetings. About the same time there was built and presented to the pastor, the Reverend John Warham, a corn mill, which is supposed to have been the first grist mill built in Connecticut. For many years it served all the settlements in the river valley, as far south as Middletown.
"All over America today live the descendants of the fathers and mothers of the 'Mary and John.' Their sons and daughters have written their names on the pages of American History. They have filled thepulpits of famous churches; they have sat on judges' benches, and in the seats of Congress; they have occupied Governors' Mansions, and even the White House. Some fought at Lexington, and wintered with Washington at Valley Forge. They joined inthe trek to the West, and one followe Brigham Young into Utah. One marched with Sherman as he burned and pillaged his way through Georgia, and perhaps one fought on the other side with Lee. One is called the 'Hero of Manila Bay,' and one was hanged! They learned strange names like Saint-Mehiel, Chateau-Thierry, the Argonne Forest and Sedan. Perhaps one lies in Flanders Field...
"An effort has been made to show through the ancestry of people living today, or through famous men of history, how this little group lived together, married and intermarried, even beyond the third and fourth generations. The names of descendants of the men and women who came to America on the 'Mary and John' are found in every state of the Union."
p5: "The Passenger List (Compiled from various sources, and not official)
...67. Mathew Grant
68. Priscilla Grant
...78. Thomas Holcomb
79. Elizabeth Ferguson...
..101. George Phelps
102. Richard Phelps
103. William Phelps
104. Elizabeth Phelps
110. Mary Dover..."
p59: "William Phelps, with his brothers George and Richard, his wife and five children, came to America in 1630 on the 'Mary and John'. Their ancestry is as follows:
"A James Phelps b 1520 m Joan
B William 1560-1611 m Dorothy d 1613
"William Phelps 2nd was baptized in the Tewkesbury Church 19 Aug 1599 and died at Windsor 14 Jul 1672. He made application as a freeman with the first group 19 Oct 1630; was on jury duty 9 Nov 1630; constable 1631; Deputy 1634-1635; Magistrate 1639-1649. He presided a Court in Windsor 1 May 1637 when it was ordered that there 'shall be an offensive war against the Pequots...
"Elizabeth the first wife of William Phelps died at Dorchester in 1635, and he married a second time in 1638 Mary Dover who had also been a passenger on the 'Mary and John'. Mary Phelps died in 1675..."
The Connecticut Barbers, A Genealogy of the Descendents of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut, Donald S Barber, McDowell Publications, Utica NY,1992, p5:
"Children of Thomas and Jane, born at Windsor:
"...3. Thomas2, bp 14 Jul 1644; m Mary Phelps..." p5: "...3. Thomas2 Barber, bp Windsor CT 14 Jul 1644; d Simsbury CT 10 May 1713; m Windsor 17 Dec 1663 Mary Phelps, b 2 Mar 1644, daughter of William Sr (sic) and Mary (Dover) Phelps.
Digest of Early Connecticut Probate Records, C W Manwaring, Vol I, p348: "William Phelps Sr, Windsor. Invt L472-19-06. Will taken 28 Feb 1681. Will nuncupative. 10 Feb 1681: His Will was that his brother Timothy should have all his Estate to dispose of & to be sole Executor...should have his choice for his third out of all his Outlands. 2 Mar 1681-1682...Claims presented by the Widow Phelps & her Attorney, find that by Virtue of a Jointure agreement the whole personal Estate, together with his houseing and two thirds of all his outlands, are the proper Estate of the Wiodow, and advise that Out Lands be indifferently divided, two-thirds to the Widow according to Joynture, and one third to Timothy Phelps, the debts to be paid by each in proportion."
Barber Genealogy, Sect I Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909, Sect II Descendants of John Barber of Worcester Massachusetts 1714-1909, Publ John Barber White, Ed Lillian May Wilson, Haverhill Mass, Press of the Nichols Print, 1909, clxiv 659p 24cm, 10-11369, CS71.B24 1909, Descendants of Thomas Barber of Windsor Connecticut 1614-1909.
p22: "William Phelps, the fatherof Mary, wife of Thomas Barber, was born in Tewksbury, County Gloucester, England, 1599. He removed to Somerset or Dorsetshire, England. His first wife was Elizabeth (surname not known). He came to Dorchester, Mass, in 1630, and in 1636 removedto Windsor, Conn...His 2nd wife, Mary Dover, is said to have been a fellow passenger from England with him. They were married in Windsor...
"William Phelps, Sr., died July 14, 1692. His wife died Nov. 27, 1675."
The Peopling of British North America An Introduction, Bernard Bailyn, 1986, Vintage Books Random House, New York, p18-19:
"...Almost frantic expansion can be seen in every direction. For a century and a half the peopling of New England had been a gradual process,reflecting a high natural population growth without significant immigration. By the end of the seventeenth century the population had reached 90,000 to 100,000...Where did the settlers come from, and why?...
"There are occasional patchesof light- a few faces, a few statistics here and there in the current literature to illuminate the peopling of America overthe first century and a half of European settlement. There are some excellent regional studies that bear on migration, written mainly by historical geographers; a comprehensive and illuminating study of over seven hundred participants in the great Puritan migration...(see Virginia D Anderson `To Pass beyond the Seas: The Great Migration and the Settlement of NewEngland 1630-1670' PhD Dissertation Harvard University 1984)..."
p25: "Thus, while it is of course true that religion shaped the leadership, organization, and ethos of the Puritan migration of the early seventeenth century, the human constituents were available in the East Anglian population accustomed for generations to move geographically in search of employment, opportunity, and stability. In the context of the mobility of the time, the famous Puritan exodus- which, to judgeby the weight of subsequent scholarship, must have been a world-historical event- as an organized migration was nothing remarkable. The traditional figure (which is probably high) is 21,200 emigrants to Puritan New England in the twelve years before 1642..."
American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI)
DOVER Mary Families directly des. from all the royal fams. in Europe (495 to 1932). By Mrs. Eliz. M. Leach Rixford. Burlington, Vt. 1932. (175p.):112-13 Thatcher-Thatcher gen. By John R. Totten. New York. 1910-18. (842p.):468
Ancestral File v4.19: Mrs William PHELPS (AFN: 247B-LVW), Sex F, Born Abt 1610 England, Married Spouse: William PHELPS (AFN: 1LV3-C8), Died 27 Nov 1675 Windsor Hartford CT.
Ancestral File v4.19: Anne DOVER (AFN: 113Z-W4V), Sex F, Born Abt 1600 Of Crewkerne Somerset England, Married Spouse: William PHELPS (AFN: 1LV3-C8) 14 Nov 1626 Windsor Hartford CT, Died 27 Nov 1673 Windsor Hartford Ct, Buried Nov 1673 Windsor Hartford CT.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Marriage 8612605-52-1396192 William PHELPS mar Mary DOVER 1636 Windsor Hartford Connecticut.
LATTER DAY SAINTS
LDS Submission: Roy Wilmot Hull Cardston AlbertaCanada. LDS Heir: Roy Wilmot Hull 5th Great Grandson.
Mary married William PHELPS, Jr, son of William PHELPS, Sr and Dorothy, on 14 Nov 1626-1638 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. (William PHELPS, Jr was born on 28 Feb 1593-1599 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, christened on 19 Aug 1599 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, died on 14 Jul 1672 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA and was buried on 15 Jul 1672 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)
Mary also married James PHELPS, son of William PHELPS, Sr and Dorothy, in 1638 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. (James PHELPS was born on 14 Jul 1601 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, christened on 14 Jul 1601 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England and died on 14 Jul 1672 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)