Duke Humphrey Stafford BUCKINGHAM
- Married: Bef Oct 1413
- Died: 1460, Battle, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England
Other names for Humphrey were STAFFORD Earl and BUCKINGHAM Duke.
Ancestral File Number: B19M-5S.
6th Earl of STAFFORD, Duke of BUCKINGHAM.
The Political History of England, 1377-1485, Vol IV, C Oman, 1906, AMS Press, New York, p367:
"[1455, First Battle of St Albans]...Of the other magnates of the king's party, who fought the game out to the end, nearly all were slain or hurt. Besides Somerset, there fell the Earl of Northumberland and Lord Clifford; while Buckingham, Devon, Stafford, and the young Dorset were wounded and taken."
p392: "[1460, Battle of Northampton]...The king had given the command to the old Duke of Buckingham, a moderate man and one respected even by the Yorkists, but no general...The queen and her little son were sent away into Staffordshire on the news of the enemy's approach.
"Buckingham, conscious of inferior numbers, resolved to stand on the defensive. Remembering, perhaps, the successful tactics of the Frech at Castillon, he had built himself an entreched camp, and garnished its earthworks withmuch artillery...Warwick halted and drew up his host; before attacking he made two separate attempts to secure an interview with the king. But Buckingham steadfastly refused to allow his emissary, Beauchamp, Bishop of Salisbury to approach theroyal presence, and would hear of no mediation...
"A torrential storm raged all the morning, a fact which was not without its effect on the battle, for though the rain filled the trench round the Lancastrian camp, and made it a formidableobstacle, it also spoilt nearly all the powder of Buckingham's numerous artillery, so that few or no shot could be discharged when at last the Yorkists began to move...Before marching down the slope [Warwick] caused it to be proclaimed that every man should spare the commons, ans dlay none bu the lords and knights, with whom lay the blame of the war...All was over in half an hour, and with it very little bloodshed; less than 300 men perished, including a few who were drowned as theytried to for the Nen. But among the list of slain were nearly all the Lancastrian leaders. Warwick's orders had been carried out; the rank and file were allowed to escape, but the victors gave no quarter to knights and nobles. Buckingham, Beaumont, Egremont, Shrewsbury, and Sir William Lucy, were all slaughtered close to the king's tent, as they strove by a last rally to gain him time to flee. But Henry, shiftless as ever, failed to get away, and was taken prisoner..."
p512f: "Humphrey, Son of Edmund Earl of Stafford and Anne of Gloucester, Earl of Stafford Duke of Buckingham, Killed in Battle 1460."
The Oxford History of England The Fifteenth Century 1399-1485, E F Jacob, Oxford Univ Press p333:
"The figures of those persons in the highest group must, upon examination, be taken as an understatement: they are Richard duke of York (L3231); Richard earl of Warwick (L3116); Anne countess of Stafford who was Anne of Gloucester, grand-daughter of Edward III, one of the Bohun heiresses (L1959); and Humphrey earl of Stafford (L855)...When the countess' land had passed to her son Humphrey, later duke of Buckingham, the gross rental of his lands in England was L4400, with a balance in clear value of L3477..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.13 B19M-5S.
Humphrey married Katharine BONVILLE, daughter of William De BONVILLE, Sr and Margaret D'AUMARLE, before Oct 1413. (Katharine BONVILLE was born about 1367 in Chewton, Somersetshire, England and died on 1 Aug 1416.)