Prince Llewelyn Ap Iorwerth WALES
- Born: Abt 1173-1174, Castle, Aberffraw, Caernarvonshire, Wales
- Married (2): Aft 16 Apr 1205, , , England
- Died: 11 Apr 1240, Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales
Other names for Llewelyn were Llywelyn, "Fawr", ABERFFRAW Prince, SNOWDON Lord, WALES Prince and "The Great".
Ancestral File Number: GS56-CC. User ID: 302583780.
"Fawr", "The Great", Prince of ABERFFRAW, Lord of SNOWDON, Prince of WALES Reigned 1194-1240.
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Joan, Illegitimate Daughter of John Lackland (Sans Terre) Lord of Ireland Count of Mortain, Mar (2) Llywelyn The Great Prince of Wales, Died 1237...Llywelyn Fawr (The Great) 1194-1240 Ruler of all Wales, Mar =1 Tangwystl Daughter of Llywarch Goch of Rhos, =2 Joan IllegitimateDaughter of John King of England, Died 1240."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch XX, p418:
"The two years which followed John's return from Ireland, from August, 1210 to August,1212, form the period of his highest power. No attempt at resistance to his will any where disturbed the peace of England. Llewelyn, Prince of north Wales, husband of John's natural daughter Joanna, involved in border warfare with the Earl of Chester, was not willing to yield to the authority of the king, but two expeditions against him in 1211 forced him to make complete submission..."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain, 1951, Doubleday& Co
p85: "The late twenties were taken up largely with trouble in Wales. The southern portion of Wales had been overrun by the Normand, but in the North a valiant prince named Llewelyn ab Iorwerth was holding out. He had married Joanna,an illegitimate daughter of John, but this connection with the English royal family did not prevent the Welsh leader from contesting every foot of mountainous soil and striving to break the circle of Marcher castles which hedged him in.
"Llewelyn, who came to be called the Great in history, had begun his fighting careet when he was ten years old. Wales had been split with dissension then, but he ahd drawn the country together under his personal rule. The bards now called him Prince of Aberffraw and Lord of Snowdon and they sang his praises with all the fervor and exaggeration of which they were capable; which was a great deal indeed. `There fell by his hands,' sang the minstrels after one battle, `seven times the number of the stars!' He was the Devastator of England, and the sound of his coming was `like the roar of the wave as it rushes to the shore.' His helmet of battle was `crested with a fierce wolf.'"
The Political History of England 1216-1377, VolIII, T F Tout, 1905, AMS Press,
p23: "The futility of marriage alliances in modifying policy was already made clear by the attitude of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, the husband of Henry's bastard sister Joan. This resourceful prince had already raised himself to a high position by a statecraft which lacked neither strength nor duplicity. Though fully conscious of his position as the champion of a proud nation, and posing as the peer of the King of Scots, Llewelyn saw that it was his interest to continue the friendship with the baronial opposition which had profited him so greatly in the days of the French invasion. The pacification arranged in 1218 sat lightly upon him, and he plunged into a war with William Marshal the younger that desolated South Wales for several years. In 1219 Llewelyn devastated Pembrokeshire so cruelly that the marshal's losses were currently, though absurdly, reported to have exceeded the amount of the ransom of King Richard...
p24: "...But peace never lasted long west of the Severn, and in 1222 William Marshal drove Llewelyn out of Cardigan and Carmarthen..."
p37: "...In 1230 Llewelyn [ap Iorwerth] inflicted another slight upon his overlord. William de Braose long remained the Welsh prince's captive, and only purchased his liberty by agreeing to wed his daughter to Llewelyn's son, and surrendering Builth as her marriage portion. The captive had employed his leisure in winning the love of Llewelyn's wife, Joan, Henry's half-sister. At Easter, Llewelyn took a drastic revenge on the adulterer. He seized William in his own castle at Builth, and on May 2 hanged him on a tree in open day in the presence of 800 witnesses. Finding that neither the king nor the marchers moved a finger to avenge the outrage done to sister and comrade, Llewelyn took the aggressive in regions which had hitherto been comparatively exempt from his assaults..."
FAMILY SEARCH ANCESTRAL FILE
Ancestral File Ver 4.19 GS56-CC.
World Ancestral Chart No. 17779 James Carl Romans.
Llewelyn married Tangwystl GOCH. (Tangwystl GOCH was born in , Rhos.)
Llewelyn also married Princess Joan England WALES, daughter of King John ENGLAND and Agatha De FERRERS, after 16 Apr 1205 in , , England. (Princess Joan England WALES was born about 1188 in London, Middlesex, England, died in Feb 1237 in Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales and was buried in Llan-Faes, Dindaethwy, Anglesey, Wales.)