Thomas NEWELL, Sr
- Born: Abt 1585, , Hertfordshire, England
- Christened: 22 Jan 1584/85, Worthen, Shropshire, England
- Died: 1672, Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- Buried: , , England
Ancestral File Number: 8J44-Q4. User ID: 4636.
Thomas Newell and His Descendants, Mrs Mary A (Newell) Hall, Southington Conn, Cochrane Bros Book and Job Printers, 1878, 268p 19cm, 9-12539, CS71.N545 1878:
"Thomas Newell, who settled in Farminton Connecticut AD 1632 and his descendants, (Incl.) A Genealogical table.
p1. "Origin of the Newell Name.
"Thename of Newell is said to have been of Anglo-Saxon origin, and derived from the word 'Neowel,' meaning 'profound or deep'. It is probable that it was given to its original bearerbecause of his character, at the time of the adoption of surnamesin England. It is found on ancient English and early American records in the various forms of Neowel, Neuwal, Newel, Neuell, Newall, Neuhall, Newehall, Hewhall, and Newell, the last being the most generally accepted form of today.
"The family, like its name, was of Saxon origin, and resident in England long prior to the Norman Conquest of 1066. The family was early settled in the counties of Suffolk, Oxford, Hertford, Wilts, Chester, Norfolk, and Lancashire, and at a later datewas also to be found in Wigtoun and in various parts of Ireland. The various branches of the family were, for the most part, of the landed gentry and yeomanry of Great Britain.
"During the seventeenth century several families of Newell and Newhall crossed the seas and settled in various parts of New England.
"The description of the Newell coat of arms, in terms of heraldry, as stated in Burke's 'General Armory of England, Scotland, and Ireland' (1851), is as follows: Gules, two pipes, or hautboys, in saltire, the sinister surmounted of the dexter, between four crosses crosslet, all or.
"'Crosses, which appear in many forms, are an emblem of Christianity, and may have meant that an ancestor took part in theCrusades to the Holy Land. Gules (red) is the color of valor and fortitude. Or (gold) represents constancy."
A History of the American People, Vol I, The Swarming of the English, Woodrow Wilson, 1901, Ch V, The Expansion of New England, p146: "...Governor Winthrop had sent word to Van Twiller, the Dutch commander at Fort Amsterdam, that he must not build upon the Connecticut. It lay, he said, within the territories of the King of England. But Van Twiller had replied that he held the lands upon the river by as good a title, in the name of the States General of Holland and the authorized West India Company. `In this part of the world are divers heathen lands that are empty of inhabitants,' he had pleaded, `so that of alittle part or portion thereof there need not be any question.' The tide of English immigrants swept in, nevertheless: a few from Plymouth, a great many from the Bay. The Dutch blustered and threatened and protested; but they did nothing more,and were soon outnumbered and surrounded. `These people give it out,' reported a Dutch sea-captain returned from the river, `that they are Israelites, and that we at our colony are Egyptioans.' They called their own countrymen in Virginia thesame. It was their mission to set up Puritan commonwealths. Those who were not of their faith and order of living were but a better kind of heathen whom they hoped either to oust or to keep at a safe distance.
"In 1635 settlers from Watertown began to build upon the river, six miles below the Dutch at Good Hope, at a place which they presently called Wethersfield. The same year Dorchester people came and sat themselves down beside the little group of protesting Plymouth men at Windsor. There were men in England as well as at the Bay who had cast their eyes upon the valley of the Connecticut as a place to be desired, and they also chose this time to make ready for planting a colony. Lord Say and Sele, Lord Brooke, andothers, men of consequence, friends and correspondents of the gentlemen at the Bay, had obtained a grant of lands upon the lower Connecticut and upon the shores of the Sound as far east as the river of the Narragansetts and as far west as they chose, so long ago as 1631, from the Earl of Warwick, President of the Council for New England; and chose this very time of the migration from the Bay to make their claim good. In 1635 they sent out John Winthrop the younger, the Bay governor'sgenial and capable son, as governor in their name `of the River Connecticut with the places adjoining,' and close upon his heels sent Lieutenant Lion Gardiner, a stout soldier bred to war, like so many another, in the service of Low Countries,to build fortifications which should make them sure of whatever Mr Winthrop might occupy. Mr Withrop made no serious trouble for the new settlers already come from the Bay. The action of their lordships his employers was friendly, not hostile;his own temper was easy and accommodating; Lieutenant Gardiner was detained at Boston a little while to assist with his expert advice at the construction of fortifications of Fort Hill, ere he went on to the Connecticut...That very year, 1636,Mr Hooker came with a hundred settlers from Newtown and joined some pioneers who had gone before him and planted themselves, as most unwelcome neighbors, close alongside the Dutch at Good Hope, calling their settlement Hartford..."
Ancestral File 8J44-Q4 Ver 4.10 Died 1672 Prob Hartford.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Christening P015631-166167-Printout-1235449 Thomas NEWALL 22 Jan 1585 Worthen Shropshire England Father Rici NEWALL.
Thomas married Frances. (Frances was born about 1590 in , , England and died in 1683 in , Hartford, Connecticut, USA.)