Earl Waltheof Northumbria HUNTINGDON, II
- Born: Abt 1042-1046, , Northumberland, England
- Christened: 1055
- Married: 1070, Artois, , France
- Died: 31 May 1076, Winchester, Hampshire, England
- Buried: Jun 1076, Crowland, Lincolnshire, England
Other names for Waltheof were NORTHUMBRIA Earl, NORTHAMPTON Earl and HUNTINGTON Earl.
Ancestral File Number: 9G86-F5. User ID: 302555238.
Earl of HUNTINGDON, Earl of NORTHUMBRIA, Earl of NORTHAMPTON.
Executed 1076 KQGB.
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p87: "384X Waltheof, Earl of Huntingdon, (S of 372, F of 388); married Judith."
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Judith, Mar Waltheof Earl of Huntingdon, Executed 1076."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch I p12:
 "While William waited at Barking, other English lords in addition to those who had already acknowledged him came in and made submission. The Norman authorities say that theearls Edwin and Morcar were chief of these, and if not earlier, they must have submitted then. Two men, Siward and Eldred, are said to have been relatives of the last Saxon king, but in what way we do not know. Copsi, who had ruled Northumberland for a time under Tostig, the brother of Harold, impressed the Norman writers with his importance, and a Thurkill is also mentioned by name, while `many other nobles' are classed toghether without special mention. Another great name which should probably be added to this list is that of Waltheof, Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon, of distinguished descent and destined later to an unhappy fate. All of these the king received most kindly. He accepted their oaths, restored to them all their possessions, and held them in great honour."
p24:  "William had decided that he could return to Normandy, and the decision that this could be safely done with so small a part of the kingdom actually in hand,with so few castles already built or garrisons established, is the clearest possible evidence of William's opinion of the situation..."
"No disorders in Normandy demanded the duke's return. Everything had been quiet there, under the control of Matilda andthose who had been appointed to assist her. William's visit at this time looks less like a necessity than a parade to make an exhibition of the results of his venture. He took with him a splendid assortment of plunder and a long train of English nobles, among whom the young atheling Edgar, Stigand, Archbishop of Canterbury, Earls Edwin and Marcar, Waltheof, son of Siward, the Abblot of Galstonbury, and a thane of Kent, are mentioned by name. The favour and honour with which William treated these men did not disguise from them the fact that they were really held as hostages..."
p55:  "...One Englishman, who with much less justice was to be involved in the fate which rightly befell these two Norman earls [Ralph of Osbern Earl of Norfolk, and Roger Fitz Osbern Earl of Hereford], was also earl at this time, Watheof, who had lately succeeded Gospatric in the troubled earldom of Northumberland, and who also held the earldoms of Northampton and Huntingdon..."
p62:  "...Roger seems to have been a man of violent temper, and there was a woman in this case also, though we do not know that she herself influenced the course of events. The insurrection is said to have been determined upon, and the details of action planned, at the marriage of Roger's sister to Ralph Guader, Earl of Norfolk, a marriage which William [the Conqueror] had forbidden.
`There was that bride-ale
That was many men's bale,' said the Saxon chronicler, and it was so indeed. The two chief conspirators persuaded Earl Waltheof to join them, at least for the moment, and their plan was to drive the king out of England and to divide the kingdom between them into three great principalities, `for we wish,' the Norman historian Orderic makes them say, `to restore in all respects the kingdom of England as it was formerly in the time of King Edward,' a most significant indication of the general opinion about the effect of the Conquest, even if the words are not theirs.
"After the marriage the Earls of Norfolk and Hereford separated to raise their forces and bring them together, when they believed they would be too strong for any force which could be raised to act against them. They counted on the unpopularity of the Normands and on the king's difficulties abroad which would prevent his return to England. The king did not return, but their other hope proved fallacious. Bishop Wulfstan of Worcester andAbbot Ethelwy of Evesham, both English prelates, with some Norman help, cut off the line of communication in the west, and Earl Roger could not force his way through. The two justiciars, William of Warenne and Richard of Bienfaite, after summoning the earls to answer in the king's court, with the aid of Bishop Odo and the Bishop of Coutances, who was also a great English baron, raised an army of English as well as Normans, and went ot meet Earl Ralph, who was marching westwards. Something like a battle took place, but the rebels were easily defeated. Ralph fled back to Norwich, but it did not seem to him wise to stop there. Leaving his wife to stand a siege in the castle, he sailed off to hasten the assistance which had already been asked for from the Danes. A Danish fleet indeed appeared off the coast, but id did nothing beyond making a plundering raid in Yorkshire. Emma, the new-made wife of Earl Ralph, seems to have been a good captain and to have had a goodgarrison. The utmost efforts of the king's forces could not take the castle, and she at last surrendered only on favourable terms. She was allowed to retire to the continent with her forces... A clear distinction was made between the men who were serving Ralph because they held land of him, and those who were merely mercenaries. Ralph's vassals, although they were in arms against Ralph's lord, the king, were thought to be entitled to better terms, and they secured them more easily than those who served him for money. Ralph and Emma eventually lived out the life of a generation of those days, on Ralph's Bretons estates, and perished together in the first crusade. "Their fellow rebels were less fortunate. Roger surrendered himself to be tried by the king's court, and was condemned `according to the Norman law,' we are told, to the forteiture of his estates and to imprisonment at the king's pleasure. From this he was never released. The family of William's devoted guardian, Osbern, disappears from English history with the fall of this imprudent representative, but not from the country. It has been reserved for modern scholarship to prove the interesting fact of the continuance for generations of themale line of this house, though in minor rank and position, through the marriage of the son of Earl Roger, with the heiress of Abergavenny in Wales. The fate of Waltheof was even more pathetic because less deserved. He had no part in the actualrebellion. Whatever he may have sworn to do, under the influence of the earls of stronger character, he speedily repented and made confession to Lanfranc as to his spiritual adviser. Lanfranc urged him to cross at once to Normandy and make hisconfession to the king himself. William received him kindly, showed no disposition to regard the fault as a serious one, and apparently promised him his forgiveness. Why, on his return to England, he should have arrested him, and after two trials before his court should have allowed him to be executed, `according to English law,' we do not surely know. The hatred of his wife Judith, the king's niece, is plainly implied, but is hardly enough to account for so radical a departure from William's usual practice in this the only instance of a political execution in his reign. English sympathy plainly took the side of the earl. The monks of the abbey at Crowland, which he had favoured in his lifetime, were allowed the possession of his body. Soon miracles were wrought there, and he became, in the minds of monks and people, an unquestioned martyr and saint."
Ch IX, p198:  "...But David's son Henry did homage to Stephen, and received the earldom of Huntingdon, with a vague promise that he might be given at some later time the other part of the possessions of his grandfather, Waltheof, the earldom of Northumberland, and with the more substantial present grant of Carlisle and Doncaster..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol II, p397, David I: "Through David's marriage (1113) to a daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria, he acquired the English Earldom of Huntingdon and obtained much land in that county and in Northamptonshire..."
World Ancestral Chart No. 10002 Patricia (Downey) Adams
Ancestors of Warren Cash 1760.
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 9G86-F5 Waltheof II Earl of HUNTINGTON Born Abt 1046 Northumberland England, Ver 4.11 Mar 1070 Judith De LENS, Ver 4.13 V9VL-BD Born Abt 1042 Chr (Minor 1055) Died 31 May 1076 Bur Jun 1076 Crowland Lincolnshire England.
Waltheof married Countess Judith Bologne HUNTINGDON, daughter of Count Lambert De Boulogne LENS and Countess Adeliza Normandy CHAMPAGNE, in 1070 in Artois, , France. (Countess Judith Bologne HUNTINGDON was born in 1054-1055 in Lens, Artois, Normandy, France.)