King Philippe FRANCE, I
- Born: Bef 23 May 1052-1053, Reims, Marne, Loire-Atlantique, France
- Married (1): 1071-1072, Reims, Marne, Loire-Atlantique, France
- Married (2): 15 May 1092, , Ile De France, France
- Died: 29 Jul 1108, Melun, , France
- Buried: St Benoit, Sur-Loire, France
Other names for Philippe were FRANCE King and Philip.
Ancestral File Number: 8XJC-J4. User ID: 151277976.
King of FRANCE Reigned 1059/1060-1108.
Kings and Queens of Europe, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1989: "Philippe I, Son of Henri I and Anna Kiev, King of France 1060- 1108, Mar =1 Bertha Holland, Died 1108."
The Political History of England, Vol II, George Burton Adams Longmans Green and Co, 1905, Ch I, p150:
"...In the summer of 1108, the long reign of Philip I of France had closed, and the reign, nearly as long, of his son, Louis VI, had begun, the first of the great Capetian kings, in whose reign begins a definite policy of aggrandizement for the dynasty directed in great part against their rivals, the English kings..."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Chrisianity, Ch XXV, The Recovery of Europe, Sec XI France, p 688: "Philip Augustus was the first of three powerful rulers who in this age raised France to the intellectual, moral, and political leadership of Europe. But there had been strong men before him. Philip I (1060-1108) made a secure niche for himself in history by divorcing his wife at forty and persuading Count Fulk of Anjou to cede to him the Countess Bertrade. A priest was found to solemnize the adultery as marriage, but Pope Urban II, coming to France to preach the First Crusade, excommunicated the King. Philippersisted in sin for twelve years; at last he sent Bertrade away and was shriven; but a while later he repented his repentance, and resumed his Queen. She traveled with him to Anjou, taught her two husbands amity, and seems to have served bothof them to the best of her charms. Having grown fat at forty-five, Philip handed over the major affairs of state to his son Louis VI (1108-1137), himself known as Louis the Fat."
p589: "...the feudal leaders who had taken the cross [of the First Crusade] had assembled each his own force in his own place. No king was among them; indeed Philip I of France, William II of England, and Henry IV of Germany were all under sentence of excommunication when Urban preached the crusade..."
p668: "[William the Conqueror] warred with Philip I of France over boundaries;when he tarried at Rouen, almost immovable with corpulence Philip jested (it was said) that the King of England was `lying in,' and there would be a grand display of candles at his churching. William swore that he would indeed light many candles. He ordered his army to burn down Mantes and all its neighborhood, and to destroy all crops and fruits; and it was done."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia,Vol VII, p940, Philip I: "Born 1052, Died 29/30 Jul 1108 Melun France, King of France who came to the throne at a time when the Capetian monarchy was extremely weak but who succeeded in enlarging the royal treasury by a policy of devious alliances, the sale of his neutrality in quarrels of powerful vassals, and the practice of simony on an enormous scale."
"Philip was the elder son of Henry I of France by his second wife, Anne of Kiev. Crowned at Reims in May 1059, he became sole king on his father's death in 1060. His minority ending in 1066, he immediately displayed a talent for skillful manoeuvre and in 1068 obtained from Fulk IV of Rechin the county of Gatinais as the price of his neutrality in the struggle between Fulk and his brother for the heritage of Anjou. Philip thus secured a territorial link between his possessions in Sens and the lands of the royal domain around Paris, Melun, and Orleans. In 1070 he took advantage of a similar dynastic conflict to attach the town of Corbie to the royal domain. His major efforts, however, were directed toward Normandy, in which from 1076 he supported Robert II Curthose, the ineffectual duke of Normandy first against his father, King William I of England, then against his brother, William II. Philip's true goal was to prevent the emergence of a rival power in Normandy, for he was willing to abandon Robert whenever it seemed possible that he might become dangerous."
"Because of his firm determination to retain control over all ecclesiastical appointments, Philip was eventually drawn into conflict with the papacy. This conflict was exacerbated when in 1092 Philip abducted Fulk IV of Rechin's wife, Bertrada de Montfort. He next demanded the annulment of his marriage with his wife Bertha, and of Fulk's with Bertrada; before long he had found a complaisant bishop, and the King and Bertrada went through a marriage ceremony of dubious legality. Pope Urban II and later his successor Pashal II repeatedly excommunicated Philip, and not until 1104, after Philip and the papacy had settled some of their political differences, did Paschal II turn a blind eye to his relations with Bertrada. By this time Louis VI, Philip's son by Bertha, had taken over the administration of the kingdom, Philip having been rendered inactive by his extreme obesity."
The Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988, Studio Editions, France 1060: "Philip I, Son of Henry I, King of France 1060-1108, First Crusade 1099 by Peter the Hermit...Eight Crusades or Holy Wars. A cross of red cloth on their right shoulder, hence `Crusade'...1st 1096-1099, preached by Peter the Hermit 1096. 300,000 men blessed by Urban II. Godfrey commands. Jerusalem taken 1099. Godfrey king..."
Europe in the Middle Ages, Robert S Hoyt, 1957, Harcourt Brace & Co, p623: "Genealogical Table III, The Capetian Dynasty, Philip I (1060-1108)..."
Ancestral File Ver 4.10 8XJC-J4.
INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX
IGI Marriage A184639-184639,184640 Philip King of FRANCE Spouse Bertha 1072 Reims Marne France.
Philippe married Queen Bertha Holland FRANCE, daughter of Count Floris HOLLAND, I and Princess Gertrude SAXONY, in 1071-1072 in Reims, Marne, Loire-Atlantique, France. The marriage ended in divorce. (Queen Bertha Holland FRANCE was born about 1054 in Vlaardingen, Zuid Holland, Netherlands and died in 1093-1094 in Montreuilsurmer, , France.)
Philippe also married Queen Bertrade De Montfort FRANCE, daughter of Seigneur Simon De MONTFORT, I and Agnes D' EVREUX, on 15 May 1092 in , Ile De France, France. (Queen Bertrade De Montfort FRANCE was born about 1059-1060 in Montfort, Eure, France and died on 14 Feb 1117 in Fontrevault, Maine-Et-Loire, Anjou, France.)