King Edmund ENGLAND, I
- Born: Abt 920-923, , Wessex, England
- Married (1): Abt 928, , , France
- Died: 26 May 946, Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire, England
Other names for Edmund were "The Magnificent" and ENGLAND King.
Ancestral File Number: GS4H-RK. User ID: 4840894688.
"The Magnificent", King of ENGLAND Reigned 939/940-946.
Killed 946 at Pucklechurch KQGB.
Barber Grandparents: 125 Kings, 143 Generations, Ted Butler Bernard and Gertrude Barber Bernard, 1978, McKinney TX, p82: "338U Edmund I, King of England, (Parents not known, F of 352)."
Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Edmund I Mar=1 Aelfgifu Died Abt 944, =2 Aethelflaed Daughter of Ealdorman Aelfgar, King of England Reigned 939-946, Killed at Pucklechurch 946."
A History of the Plantagenets, Vol II, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Cos- tain, 1964, Doubleday & Co, p152:
"On June 18 of that year  a healthy male child was born at Westminster...As soon as a loud clangor of bells conveyed the intelligence that the child was a boy, the city was illuminated and the streets filled with excited people.Already the descent of the royal infant had been traced back from Matilda, the Saxon wife of Henry I; to Margaret, her mother, who had been Queen of Scotland; to Edward the Exile, Edmund Ironsides, Ethelred, Edgar, Edward, Alfred. There it wasto con, to talk over, the proof of descent from Alfred the Great, Alfred of glorious memory! For the first time in many years Henry [III] had succeeded in making his people happy. For days later the child was baptized and given the name of Edward, which again delighted the people because it was so completely English..."
A History of the English Speaking People Winston S Churchill Vol I The Birth of Britain Dodd Mead & Co 1956 p132: "...When Athelstan died, two years after Brunanburh, and was succeeded by his half-brother, a youth of eighteen, the beaten forces welled up once more against him. Edmund, in the spirit of his race, held his own. He reigned only six years, but when he died in 946 he had not ceded an inch or anell. Edmund was succeeded by his brother Edred, the youngest son of Alred's son Edward the Elder..."
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol III, p792, Edmund I: "Born 921, Died 26 May 946 Pucklechurch Gloucestershire, King of the English (939-946), who recaptured areas of northern England that had been occupied by the Vikings. He was the son of the West Saxon King Edward the Elder (ruled 899-924) and the half brother of King Athelstan (ruled 924-939), under whom the political unification of England had been accomplished. On Athelstan's death (939), Olaf Guthfrithson, the Norse King of Dublin, occupied Northumbria and raided the Midlands.
"Edmund recovered the Midlands after Olaf died in 942, and in 944 he regained Northumbria, driving out the Norse Kings Olaf Sihtricson and Raegnald. He captured Strathclyde in 945 and entrusted it to Malcolm I, King of Scots, in return for a promise of military support. Thus, Edmund inaugurated a policy of establishing a secure frontier and peaceful relations with Scotland. In addition, his reign marks the beginning of the 10th-century monastic revival in England. The King was killed in his palace by an exiled robber and was succeeded by his brother, Eadred (ruled 946-955); Edmund's sons eventually acceded to power as Kings Eadwig (ruled 957-959) and Edgar (ruled 959-975)."
Macropaedia, Vol III, p203, Britain and Ireland History of: "...Immediately after Athelstan's death in 939, Olaf seized not only Northumbria but also the Five Boroughs. By 944 Athelstan's successor, his younger brother Edmund, had retrieved the situation, and in 945 Edmund conquered Strathclyde and gave it to Malcolm of Scotland..."
The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p833, Edmund: "Born 921, Died 946, King of Wessex (939-946), half brother and successor of Athelstan. Immediately after his accession he had to face an invasion of Irish vikings led by Olaf Guthfrithson. He was forced to cede to themthe territory between Watling Street and the Northumbrian border (already occupied partly by Danes), and he succeeded in recapturing it in 944 only because of the quarrels among the Norse leaders. In 945 he invaded Strathclyde, which he then turned over to the Scottish King Malcolm I. Edmund was killed in a brawl and was succeeded by his brother Edred."
The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol III, The Age of Faith, Bk IV, The Dark Ages, Chap XX, The Rise of the North, Sec 2, Anglo-Saxon Civilization, p486: "...St Dunstan, Abbot of Glastonbury, became chief counselor under kings Edmund (940-946), and Edred (946-955). He defended the middle and lower classes against the nobles, boldly criticized monarchs and princes, was exiled by King Edwig (955-959), was recalled by Edgar (959-975), and secured the crown for Edward the Martyr (975-978)..."
From Alfred to Henry III 871-1272 Christopher Brooke 1961 Norton Library History of England p52: "...In 937 the son of the last king of York, joined the kings of Scotland and Strathclyde in a combined invasion of England. Their army was met by a large English force led by Athelstan and Edmund, his brother; and the decisive English victory at Brunanburh (the site has not been identified) is recorded in the `Chronicle' in stirring verse: `With their hammered blades, the sons of Edward clove the shield-wall and hacked the linden bucklers...There the prince of Norsemen...was forced to flee to the prowof his ship with a handful of men...There, likewise, the aged Constantine [King of the Scots], the grey-haired warrrior, set off in flight, north to his native land...'"
p53: "...With Athelstan's death in 939 English rule over the Norse kingdom of York became extremely precarious; and a great part of the reigns of his brothers Edmund (939-946) and Eadred (946-955) was spent in the attempt to re-establish Athelstan's supremacy in the north...Late in Edmund's reign and early in Eadred's, the English kings were successful for brief periods in mastering the north..."
p55: "...In 940 King Edmund had nearly perished while hunting the stag in Ched- dar Gorge in Somerset. Saved, as it seemed, by a miracle, he at once set about re-establishing the church at Glastonbury, not far away, as a regular monastery and put Dunstan at its head..."
The Formation of England 550-1042, HPR Finberg, 1977, Paladin, p150-154:
"Meanwhile the northern kings were becoming restive. In 934 some unspecified provocation led Athelstan to assemble massive forces and ravage Alba by land and sea. Three years later Olaf, son and successor of Guthfrith at Dublin,...brought a large fleet from Ireland and joined the kings of Alba and Strathclyde in a concerted invasion of England. The allies penetrated far into the country before Athelstan and his brother Edmund overtook them. A murderous battle follwed by a long pursuit shattered the invading forces leaving five kings andseven earls dead upon the field, besides a son of the king of Alba. The site of the victory, Brunanburh, celebrated in a famous poem, is identified with great probability as Bromborough on the Mersey shore of Wirral in Cheshire. The Scottish kings escaped with difficulty, and Olaf took only a broken remnant of his army back to Dublin.
"...After a reign of fifteen years Athelstan died in 939, and was succeeded by his eighteen-year-old half-brother Edmund."
The Wall Chart of World History, Edward Hull, 1988, Studio Editions, England 940: "Edmund, King of England 940-946, Murdered..."
Edmund I., the Magnificent. was born in 922, the twelfth of his father's
The first of the six Boy Kings, he reigned from 939 to 946. He had to
meet a general uprising of the Danes of Mercia as well as those of the
North. In the suppression of this he showed himself to be a great
statesman as well as a great warrior.
Little is definitely known about the policy of the Scots at this time but
it appears that they joined the English whenever they were afraid of the
Danes, and joined the Danes whenever they were afraid of the English.
Edmund made it to be the interest of the Scottish King permanently to
join the English. The southern part of the kingdom of Strathclyde had
for some time been under the English Kings.
In 945 Edmund took the remainder, but gave it to Malcolm on condition
that he should be his fellow worker by sea and land. The king of the
Scots thus entered into a position of dependent alliance towards Edmund.
A great step was thus taken; the dominant powers in the island were to be
English and Scots, not English and Danes. Edmund thought it worth while
to conciliate the Scottish Celts rather than to endeavor to conquer
them. The result of Edmund's statesmanship was soon seen, but he did not
live to gather its fruits. On May 26, 946 an outlaw named Lief, who had
taken his seat at a banquet in his hall, slew him as Edmund was
attempting to drag him out by his hair.
He was succeeded by his brother Edred. He married Princess Elgiva
(Aelfgifu), known as the "Fairies Gift," who died in 944.
("The Genealogy of Homer Beers James", V1, JANDA Consultants, © 1993
Murdered: An Outlaw, Leolf, stabbed him to death at a banquet to
St.Augustine. He expelled the Norse King Olaf from Northumbria in 944.
He supported Dunstan in the reintroduction of the Monastic rule of St.
Son of Edward the Elder, succeeded his half-brother, ∆thelstan, with whom
he had fought at Brunanburh. Combatted the Norse Vikings in Northumbria
and subdued them in Cumbria and Strathclyde. He entrusted these lands to
an ally, Malcolm I of Scotland. Edmund met his death when he was killed
at Pucklechurch, in Gloucestershire, by a robber.
(Internet source: http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon9.html)
When Athelstan, King of England, died in 939, his brother Edmund
succeeded him. In 940, Edmund lost the Five Boroughs (Danish Mercia) to
the Danes, but in 942 regained it. In 944, Edmund reconquered all of
Northumbria. In 945, Edmund conquered all of Cumbria, giving it to King
Malcolm of Scotland on the condition of an alliance. He died in 946.
[Internet source: http://www.ghg.net/shetler/oldimp/455.html]
Ancestral File Ver 4.11 Eadmund, 9HMF-QV Edmund I ENGLAND Prince Born Abt 920/921, GS4H-RK Born Abt 923 Wessex England Son of Edgiva (AFN:8HS0-6S)> Elfreda (AFN:9GB3-DR).
Edmund married Queen Elgiva ENGLAND, daughter of King Edward Wessex ENGLAND, I and Queen Aelflaed Wessex ENGLAND, about 928 in , , France. (Queen Elgiva ENGLAND was born about 922 in , Wessex, England and died in 944.)
Edmund also married Queen Aethelflaed ENGLAND, daughter of Aelfgar , Ealdorman.